Is It Possible To Shrink Large Pores? Increasingly, Evidence Says Yes
Is It Possible To Shrink Large Pores? Increasingly, Evidence Says Yes
Pores play an essential role in the skin's health. They allow your skin to breathe, get rid of toxins, and cool off. As such, they keep the skin healthy.
However, enlarged pores can be problematic. They can lead to bacteria build-up and or clogging. Unclean and unhealthy pores can cause various skin conditions, including acne.
So, can you shrink your pore size? The truth is that although pores are genetically determined, research says that it may be possible to shrink their size using some products and treatments.
One such product for pore shrinking is niacinamide. Today, we will learn how to use this ingredient to shrink enlarged pores. Let's get started.
What Are Pores?
These are simply the opening of hair follicles. Although they appear on the surface of the skin, they go through several skin layers. Each follicle can grow one hair shaft, whether the hair strand is visible or not.
Studies say that we have more than 5 million hair follicles, meaning that the pore amount we focus on is less than the real thing.
Pores contain sebaceous glands that produce oils. It's why they often get clogged with oil and enlarge frequently.
What Causes Large Pores?
Several factors can influence the size of your pores. These factors can either be internal or external. Let's look at them individually.
The size of your pores is largely determined by your genetic disposition. Also, your genetics influences how much sebum your sebaceous gland produces, your hair follicles size, and skin elasticity. All these can contribute to enlarged pores.
Research says that skin producing more sebum has larger pores than skin that doesn't. This is supported by the fact that most enlarged pores are found on the central cheek area and nose.
Other internal factors influencing pore size are hormones, acne, age, and gender.
Several environmental factors can lead to enlarged pores through clogging them, reducing skin elasticity, or increasing the amount of sebum produced.
For instance, too much exposure to UV radiation reduces the skin's elasticity and plumpness. Plus, it promotes an overgrowth of the sebaceous glands, which leads to the overproduction of sebum.
Additionally, cosmetics and comedogenic pollutants can also enlarge the pores. That's because they clog or block them. And when debris builds up in the pore, it can stretch it, thus enlarging it.
Can I Shrink My Pores?
Having large pores isn't necessarily a bad thing. Note that oil production is good for the skin as it protects and moisturizes it. However, dermatologists don't encourage enlarging skin follicles. Rather, they recommend minimizing them.
If the large pore size is caused by genetics, then you can't reduce their sizes. However, there are steps you can take to minimize their appearance and prevent them from expanding.
Experts recommend applying sunscreen, quitting smoking, staying hydrated, and regular exfoliation. But, a simple thing like washing your face using warm, then cold water can help tighten pores, making them smaller.
Some various products and procedures can also help reduce pore appearance. And one of them is a powerful ingredient called niacinamide. How does it help minimize pores? Let's find out.
What Is Niacinamide?
Niacinamide is everyone's friend in the skincare world. Dermatologists recommend vitamin B3 as it works well on all skin types, helping reduce acne and other skin conditions.
Niacinamide or vitamin B3 or nicotinamide is a water-soluble vitamin. Therefore, it doesn't dissolve in oil. As such, you will find it in water-based face masks, moisturizers, and serums.
It is a stable vitamin with a 7.0 pH level. This thus means that the ingredient is unlikely to irritate as it is not acidic. Niacinamide offers various benefits to the skin, including it helps in tightening lax pores, reducing pore size, softening wrinkles and fine lines, balancing skin tone, and protecting against UV radiation.
How Does Niacinamide Work?
Our bodies form niacinamide when we eat niacin-rich foods like liver, rice, chicken breast, etc. The niacin is then converted into active niacinamide that acts as the coenzymes' NADH and NADPH precursor.
These coenzymes help increase cellular metabolism, thus giving skin cells the energy needed to perform their duties. Experts say that the coenzymes help more than 40 biochemical reactions, like DNA repair and cell turnover.
However, we don't have to only rely on food as our source of vitamin B3. As it penetrates the skin layer easily, we can use it topically to enjoy its benefits.
Niacinamide works as antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, photoprotective, pores refiner, and antiaging. Some of the benefits of this vitamin include, and are not limited to;
- Fighting free radicals and their damage
- Fades hyperpigmentation
- Gets rid of fine lines and wrinkles
- Diminishes acne scars and refine skin texture
- Clears acne
- Regulate oil production
- Reduces redness
But, let us see how niacinamide works on enlarged pores.
Niacinamide for Pore Reduction
Niacinamide helps minimize pore size in various ways. One is that it improves skin elasticity and, by so doing, shrinks the pore size. Also, it decreases fatty acids and glycerine of the surface serum produced. As such, it helps reduce the appearance of enlarged pores.
A study published in Cosmeceuticals and Cosmetic Practise concluded that niacinamide and greatly reduces pore size and improves skin texture. That's because of its ability to reduce oil production.
Note that pores will appear enlarged when filled with dead skin and oil. Therefore, if your gland produces less sebum, less of it will be trapped. As such, your skin won't stretch out as much. Thus, it will look softer and smoother with smaller pores.
How to Use Niacinamide?
Introducing niacinamide to your skincare routine is not hard. However, for best results, we advise using niacinamide leave-on products. Make sure you thoroughly cleanse your skin first before using it. Also, apply twice a day.
So, after cleansing, you can apply a niacinamide toner to hydrate and replenish your skin. You can then use our Pore Refining 5% Niacinamide Serum either on its own or mix it with your moisturizer. If you're not sure of the best way, experiment to see what works for you.
If you have enlarged pores, bumpy skin texture, or lax pores, we recommend niacinamide at 5% concentration and above. This will help reduce these issues quicker, and with time your skin will be smoother, and you will have a refined texture.
You can also try eye serums with niacinamide to improve under-eye circles and reduce the appearance of crow's feet. Such serums also help the eye area to remain firm and retain moisture.
But like any other ingredient, don't forget to use broad-spectrum sunscreen on top. This way, you will maximize niacinamide benefits while protecting your skin from UV radiation damage.
Does Niacinamide Have Any Side Effects?
It virtually doesn't have any side effects. Even high dosages of up to 5% are still well tolerated. Niacinamide is among the safest ingredients, and you can, in fact, replace harsh acids and retinoids with it. Pregnant or breastfeeding women can also use it if their doctor allows them to.
However, as high concentration can cause redness or sting to sensitive skin. Also, avoid using it with acidic ingredients like BHAs, AHAs, L-ascorbic acid, etc., as it can cause a reaction.
It's possible to shrink pores using niacinamide. That's because this ingredient reduces sebum production while improving skin elasticity. However, we advise speaking to a professional skin expert first before adding it to your routine.
Luckily, Re'equil India Private Limited is here to answer all your questions regarding this powerful ingredient. We offer niacinamide serums and other products to help tone, soften, brighten, and smooth your skin. Contact us for more information.