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Skipping moisturiser ritual, irrespective of the skin type, will not only lead to dryness but will also fasten signs of premature ageing and associated effects like fine lines, wrinkles, dull skin and loss of firmness and texture.

Skin is the biggest organ of the body and requires attention on a daily basis for it to be healthy, blemish-free, supple and radiant.

Moisturiser is a must in every skincare routine and should be applied religiously, for the simple fact that the oil glands that maintain healthy skin start to lose their function as we age, which causes them to produce less oil with time, but with everyday moisturising, these glands don't have to work as hard to maintain healthy skin throughout your lifetime.

Is there an ideal moisturiser for all skin types? Let’s understand what fits your skin type the best.

Types of moisturisers and their working mechanism

Depending on your skin type, an ideal moisturiser seems to be a power-packed deal containing three major components i.e.

  • Humectants- Known to draw moisture from the environment.
  • Emollients- Creates a lubricating layer that prevents loss of moisture retained in the skin.
  • Occlusives- Creates a protective barrier layer on the skin.

Moisturiser fills in the cracks and crevices between layers of damaged skin, giving it a softer and smoother appearance. Your skincare routine should be an exciting everyday event and should make your skin feel relaxed, healthy and comfortable. Using a daily moisturiser helps your skin stay moisturised and attractive by supplying it with nourishing antioxidants that reduce the appearance of-

  • Ageing
  • Fight skin infection
  • Support a balanced skin microbiome
  • Makes skin supple and smooth
What are the essential ingredients to look for in a moisturiser suitable to your skin type?


Many moisturisers contain the component niacinamide (Vitamin B3), which is a physiologically active, water-soluble form of vitamin B3 and offers several dermatological therapeutic advantages. In addition to anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties, niacinamide also aids in-

  • Ceramide and collagen formation
  • Reduces hyperpigmentation
  • Strengthens skin barrier function
  • Decreases facial photoaging signs (such as texture, dark patches and red blotchiness)
  • Decreases sebum production

Hyaluronic Acid (HA)

HA is an active humectant and is usually referred to as a wonder ingredient for skin care because of its different hydroxyl moieties. It has multiple benefits, such as-

  • Imparts supple radiant skin
  • Removes scars, pits and pigmentation marks
  • Replenishes the lipids in the skin barrier layer
  • Improves moisture retention

Ceramides I, III, and VI: This unique mixture of ceramides I, II and VI works incredibly well to repair the skin's damaged ceramides. This perfect lipid network fortifies the skin barrier and protects it from various impurities. It also increases the skin's defence against environmental aggressors and repairs the skin barrier that has been compromised. Ceramides impart active hydration by improving skin cells' health.

Madecassoside: The Asiatic Centella plant includes a substance called madecassoside acid that can efficiently activate collagen and restore skin damage. Madecassoside boosts the skin's normal production of hyaluronic acid, improving skin hydration and reducing free radical damage. It promotes the synthesis of type III collagen, which has properties that are both skin-healing and anti-ageing. It is thought to work in a variety of ways that include-

  • Restores broken skin barrier
  • Attenuating inflammation
  • Impart active hydration
  • Promotes the formation of collagen I and III

Shea butter

It functions as an emollient to moisturise and soften skin. Shea butter also shields skin from environmental stressors like pollution, and dust, owing to the composition of fatty acids, including lineoleic, oleic, palmitic and stearic acids. These fatty acids help to enhance the skin's natural barrier.

Cydonia oblonga leaf extract

The anti-inflammatory and anti-irritant properties of skin care products containing the extract of the mucilage-rich Cydonia oblonga leaf extract make them perfect for accelerating the healing of damaged skin structure. It treats irritated or chapped skin, skin infections and sunburn-related skin damage. It is known to strengthen the skin barrier and prevent moisture loss.

1. What are the ingredients to look for in a moisturiser for a dry skin type?

For inherently dry skin type, go for a moisturiser enriched with ceramide, hyaluronic acid, and mango seed butter. These ingredients help in the following ways -

  • Prevents TEWL
  • Replenishes ceramide and fatty acids to improve the skin's ability to retain moisture.
  • Hyaluronic acid act like a water magnet to draw moisture from the air.
  • Mango butter contains phytosterols and triglycerides that improve skin texture and tone.
2. What are some of the components that should be avoided when browsing for a suitable moisturiser?

Common skincare ingredients and properties that you would want to avoid in an ideal moisturiser would be-

  • Aromatic compounds
  • Parabens
  • Formaldehyde
  • Comedogenics
  • Alcohol
  • Phthalates
3. Can moisturisers be used on oily skin?

Yes, moisturisers can be used on oily skin. Look for moisturisers that are oil-free or lightweight, and that are specifically formulated for oily or acne-prone skin. Not applying moisturiser on oily skin will further motivate your sebaceous glands to secrete oil, making your oily skin even more oily.

4. Can moisturisers help to reduce the appearance of wrinkles?

Yes, some moisturisers can help to reduce the appearance of wrinkles. Look for moisturisers that contain ingredients such as retinol, vitamin C, ceramides or peptides, which can help to stimulate collagen production and improve the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.

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