Sunscreen is a must all year round. And re-application is equally important to keep the skin protected from the damage caused by UV Rays. Broad spectrum sunscreens with SPF 50 block 98% of UVB Rays and PA ratings indicate the strength of the sunscreen against UVA Rays.
A high performance sunscreen not only protects from sun damage, it also prevents skin concerns such as acne breakouts, premature ageing, dark spots, hyperpigmentation and skin irritation, etc,.
Is there a sunscreen that takes care of your skin concerns and skin type? And how can you find a sunscreen compatible with what your skin needs? Let’s understand here-
Sun damage can have both short and long term effects on your skin. Here are some of the concerns that can show up if the skin is not protected adequately-
“It's essential to apply sunscreen every day to prevent early signs of ageing, PIH and other stubborn skin concerns. The sun's rays can still damage the skin when it's cloudy, and it does not discriminate based on skin tone.”
Dr. Aseem Sharma
Consultant Dermatologist, Mumbai and Medical Advisor, Re’equil
There are 3 types of sunscreens: physical, chemical and hybrid.
Sun damage is one of the most common causes of premature signs of skin ageing. Prolonged unprotected exposure to UV Rays triggers photoageing of the skin, which further leads to the occurrence of age spots, dullness, wrinkles and pigmentation marks. In particular, UVB rays are known to damage the collagen and fibre matrix of the skin, resulting in early signs of skin ageing.
These concerns can be delayed and prevented with adequate use of sunscreens. Daily application of a broad spectrum sunscreen (one that offers highest grade protection against both UVA & UVB rays). On the other hand, Retinol or pure vitamin A is ideal to manage signs that have started appearing. 0.1% Retinol is the ideal strength to make the skin firm, reduce wrinkles and lessen fine lines.
Yes! Sweating after exercising and swimming can wear off sunscreens. Depending on the sunscreen, it should be reapplied every 2 to 4 hours for maximum sun protection.
Try avoiding potentially harmful sunscreen ingredients such as Oxybenzone, Retinyl Palmitate, Avobenzone and Parabens. These ingredients can irritate sensitive and dry skin, causing allergic reactions, inflammation, acne breakouts and other unwanted side effects. Instead opt for sunscreens with the following ingredients: Zinc oxide, Titanium dioxide, Tocopheryl Acetate (Vitamin E), Physalis Angulata Extract.
If your sunscreen is causing breakouts, you need to check its labels for ingredients such as Parabens, Oxybenzone, Avobenzone etc that could be irritating your skin. The sunscreen could also be comedogenic in nature, thus blocking pores and causing acne. Immediately switch to a sunscreen formulated specifically for your skin type that is non-comedogenic.