What Causes Large Pores And How You Can Reduce Them
What Causes Large Pores And How You Can Reduce Them
Except for the palms of the hands and soles of the feet, your whole body contains pores. These pores perform important functions that help to keep your body and skin healthy. When the pores of your skin are less noticeable and small in size, it gives your skin a smooth appearance. But having larger and more prominent pores largely affect your appearance by making your skin look rough and uneven. There is no doubt that treating large pores can be an arduous task. In case, if you don't have much idea how to get rid of enlarged pores. So here’s a compilation of anything and everything that you must know about large pores. Another great news is that there are several facial treatments that claim to minimize pores and refine your skin texture.
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Enlarged pores and their types
Pores are the small openings on your skin that help to make your skin breathable. These pores contain ducts that carry sweat and sebum to your skin surface from their respective glands - eccrine glands and sebaceous glands. Nose and cheeks are the areas of your face that are affected by enlarged pores. There are many factors that alter the size of your pores. However, the size of large pores may vary from person to person depending upon their skin type, concern, and genetics .With that in mind, you must examine and understand your skin type before treating the large pores.
Types of pores
O-shaped large pores are one of the most common types of large pores experienced by oily skin and acne-prone skin. Top skin specialists explain that these pores generally appear on the T-zone. It is usually caused by the excess sebum (oil) production accumulated in your hair follicles. With the passage of time, these pores enhance in size, thus forming bigger circles. The skin specialists further explain that the sebum present in your pores tends to oxidize upon contact with environmental pollution, therefore, leading to the development of blackheads. With that in mind, you must examine and understand your skin type before treating the large pores.
Several research studies have shown that the U-shaped pores are generally encountered with dry and dehydrated skin. These large pores normally appear oval-shaped. A research conducted by the Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic dermatology shows that people neglecting moisturizer tends to experience more U-shaped large pores. What’s more, these pores are also known as a result of a consistent loss of collagen.
With the passage of time, the collagen production in your skin starts to reduce, thus welcoming large pores. Various dermatologists describe Y-shaped pores as relaxed, ageing facial hair follicles. These pores are usually noticeable on both sides on your cheeks as rough small water drops. Furthermore, a study published in the Journal of Dermatology Research and Practices found that these pores are generally clogged due to blackheads.
Major causes of enlarged pores
- Excessive sebum production
- UV radiations
- Comedogenic products
Your genes are one important factor that determines your pore size. So, if your family members have large pores, you may also inherit the same skin type.
2. Excessive sebum production
The rise in the production of your skin’s natural oil (sebum) is yet another main reason behind the development of noticeable large pores. Various dermatologists unfold that excessive sebum production occurs due to underactive sebaceous glands, which usually leads to several changes in your skin like acne, large pores, etc.
Collagen and elastin not only prevent wrinkle formation on your face but also help to keep your pores intact. With the progression in age, due to the loss of collagen and elastin around your pores result in bigger pores and loose skin.
4. UV radiations
UV radiations are yet another common culprit behind the development of large pores. Numerous studies reveal that the harmful UVA and UVB radiation of the sun decreases the elasticity and firmness of your skin. It further results in enlarged open pores along with signs of photoaging.
5. Comedogenic products
A research conducted by the American Academy of Dermatology explains that products containing comedogenic ingredients tend to clog your pores, thus leading to the development of bigger pores, acne, etc. That's why you should always opt for non-comedogenic products.
How to get rid of large facial pores
There are numerous effective ways that encourage cell renewal, improve skin texture, and minimize pore size.
- Chemical peels
- Face toner
Topical retinoids or retinol have a great ability in reducing the size of enlarged pores. It is a vitamin A derivative that has numerous benefits for your skin. Dermatologists explain that retinol helps to increase skin cell turnover which minimizes the appearance of the large pores while smoothing fine lines and wrinkles. A research study published in Advances in Dermatology and Allergology offers anti-aging benefits to your skin by improving the barrier functions and protecting collagen degradation.
2. Chemical peels
Chemical peels like glycolic acids like Alpha Hydroxy Acids are quite good to keep your pores clean and intact. Mild exfoliating properties of AHAs help to remove dead skin cells from your skin surface and pores. This further prevents clogged pores, blackheads, and whiteheads formation which are responsible for making the pores appear larger. AHA's possess natural collagen boosting and skin cell regeneration properties which help to refine skin texture and skin tone.
Medical procedures like microdermabrasion are found to be an effective way to reduce pores on face. It exfoliates the top layer of your skin to reveal smooth and healthy-looking skin.
4. Face toner
Various skin experts indicate that a facial toner does an incredible job of treating large pores. It helps to keep your skin healthy and youthful by balancing the pH levels and protecting your skin’s protective barrier. In addition, it helps to clean any residue left behind after cleansing, thus lending you squeaky clean skin. According to the skincare experts, witch hazel, aloe vera, seaweed, and great burdocks are a few main ingredients present in a facial toner that helps to revitalize your skin while preventing enlarged pores.
Sun exposure is a significant cause for making your skin less firm and elastic which contributes to enlarged pores with other aging signs. Wearing a broad spectrum sunscreen before heading outdoors can reduce the chance of enlarged pores, hyperpigmentation, and age spots.
With in-depth knowledge and understanding, you can easily overcome and treat the large pores. However, neglecting enlarged pores can lead to various dreadful outcomes such as development in blackheads, acne, etc. Hence, it is essential to include products in your skin care routine that help to keep your pores clean and healthy. The above-given tips can help you to achieve smooth, firm, and healthy skin while preventing further enlargement of your pores.
People with oily and acne-prone skin are at a greater risk of developing large pores have greater chances of having enlarged pores. This is due to the increased size of sebaceous glands that secrete sebum. Excess sebum production contributes to clogged pores, blackheads, and acne infection. For oily and acne-prone skin types, dermatologists advise using skin care products that have non-comedogenic and sebum production balancing properties.