What Are PIH, PIE And Acne Scars?

Acne Care 101 : What Are PIH, PIE And Acne Scars?


Whether mild or severe, acne can become a source of misery. However, what makes it even more insufferable are the scars left over after finally managing to treat acne. While you try to curb the scars and blemishes left behind by the acne with a casual approach, it is imperative to acknowledge that there are various types of scars: PIH, PIE, and Acne Scars. As a matter of fact, leading skin specialists recommend identifying and differentiating the type acne scars you are dealing with before looking for a proper line of treatment.

What is PIH?

PIH is also known as Post-inflammatory Hyperpigmentation. These are very common types of discolorations which take place right after treating acne. Studies elaborate that PIH is caused by the overproduction of melanin to your skin in response to inflammation. This eventually leads to the appearance of dark-brown and black colour on the surface of your skin. Furthermore, another study has found that cold sores, rash, and sunburn are some of the common causes aside from acne which may result in  Post-inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH).

Effective treatment


To put it simply, preventing excessive melanin production is one of the best ways to treat Post-inflammatory Hyperpigmentation. Moreover, speeding up your skin’s cell turnover will also help you get rid of PIH effectively. Numerous specialists recommend looking for skin brightening ingredients such as Alpha hydroxy acid. This wonder ingredient gently exfoliates your skin, thereby helping you maintain the pH level of your skin while treating hyperpigmentation. 

What is PIE?

PIE is also known as Post-inflammatory Erythema. It is dilated or damaged blood vessels which are usually caused by inflammation and trauma. According to a research study conducted in 2013, PIE is most likely to occur in people with relatively lighter skin tones in the form of red, pink or purple patches. Inflamed acne, over exfoliation, sunburn etc. are some of the most common culprits behind the development of Post-inflammatory Erythema (PIE). 

Effective treatment

Top skin experts reveal that vitamin C is a one-stop solution for treating Post-inflammatory Erythema (PIE). In a sum up, vitamin C assists in strengthening the capillary walls thereby reducing the redness. In addition, this potent ingredient helps you attain healthy and glowing skin. 

What are acne scars?

Acne scars generally develop when your skin tissue gets damaged after an acute acne breakout session. These usually appear as raised, rough and depressed spots on the surface of your skin. A study published by the Dermatology Research and Practice reveals that there are several types of acne scars ranging from ice picks to box scars, rolling scars etc. Identifying the types of scars before treating them is one of the best ways to achieve results without any damage. 

Effective treatment


Inculcating botanical extracts like Bulbine Frutescens, Allium Cepa Bulb Extract, Olea Europaea Leaf Extract (Olive) etc in your skin care routine helps reinforce the collagen formation, thereby treating the damaged skin. Moreover, top specialists explain that together these ingredients assist in preventing any new scars from occurring while lending you healthy skin. 

Acne care 101 : What are PIH, PIE and Acne Scars?

Identifying the type of discoloration or scarring while including the much-required ingredient in your skin care routine will certainly help you attain your desired skin goals. It is crucial to understand that alike acne, the journey towards curing your skin concern will take its time. Which is why it is pivotal to stay patient and devoted to your skin health and goals.


Various research studies have also pointed out that lack of adequate sun protection is one of the challenges that may aggravate your skin concerns. As a consequence, many dermatologists emphasize and recommend including sunscreen in your everyday skin care routine. Slathering on a broad-spectrum sunscreen will protect your skin from both UVA and UVB rays while helping you obtain healthy skin.