Best Ingredients For Melasma: Dermatologist Advice
Seeing your reflection in the mirror gives you a sense of worry rather than happiness when you have facial discolorations. Melasma is a common pigmentation condition that not only influences your outer appearance but also drains you emotionally. Various scientific research studies have evaluated that people dealing with melasma experience mental anguish, which subsequently deteriorates the quality of their life. If dark brown patches are bothering your mind, we are here to help you. We had an important discussion with Dr. Aseem Sharma, board-certified dermatologist at Skin Saga Centre Mumbai regarding the major causes and effective treatment of skin pigmentation. Dr. Aseem has explained that melasma is pretty manageable if the root cause of the problem is addressed properly.
- Alpha hydroxy acids (AHA’s)
- Tetra hydrocurcumin (THC)
- Vitamin C
1. Alpha hydroxy acids (AHA’s)
AHA’s are obtained from natural sources, which block the enzymes that cause pigmentation on your face. Its mild gentle exfoliating properties help to get rid of dead skin cells from the uppermost layer of skin ultimately revealing the new skin layer. A research study published in The Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery has elucidated that glycolic acid peels showed a significant decrease in melasma on Indian skin.
2. Tetra hydrocurcumin
It is derived from bioactive compounds present in curcumin also known as “Haldi”. Its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties help to promote the natural radiance of your skin along with UV protection. Its potent antioxidant potential helps to prevent free radical damage to your skin. This natural skin-lightening ingredient prevents the overproduction of melanin in the skin which contributes to dark brown patches on the skin.
The next ingredient Dr. Aseem explained to fade the hyperpigmentation is Niacinamide. Widely known as B3 has amazing results from offering a radiant appearance to boost collagen production in the skin. Melanosomes are the organelles in your skin which store and transfer melanin. The major function of niacinamide is that it prevents the transfer of melanosomes to the epidermis layer of your skin. According to a research study mentioned in British Journal of Dermatology, topical use of niacinamide helps to improve the skin complexion in facial hyperpigmentation effectively.
4. Vitamin C
It is a powerhouse of antioxidants, which not only clear the melasma from your skin but also helps to lighten your skin tone naturally. Vitamin C has a wide array of functions for your skin such as clearing the dark spots, diminishing fine lines, boosting hydration, and improving face glow. For topical use, face toners containing L-ascorbic acid are considered quite good for removing the pigmentation and brightening up the dull skin.
Arbutin is a natural de - pigmenting agent, which is obtained from bearberry and cranberry plants. Basically, this natural ingredient helps to remove pigmentation patches on your face. It is known to hinder the function of the tyrosinase enzyme that is liable for melanin production. In addition, it also reduces the risk of skin darkening caused by sun exposure. It's natural skin-lightening properties also help to improve the overall complexion of your skin as well.
Aside from ingredients, Dr. Aseem has emphasized the importance of wearing a good sunscreen to get rid of melasma. Numerous research studies have also pointed out that lack of adequate sun protection is one of the challenges that reduce the effectiveness of melasma treatment. Slathering on broad-spectrum sunscreen is very crucial to protect your skin from both UVA and UVB rays. Without any further delay, start considering all-important tips and say goodbye to dark spots.