Are these dark patches around your mouth not ready to leave?
Dark patches around the mouth are a real skin concern, which can affect any skin type. We know by now you must be tired of looking for the best treatment for hyperpigmentation around your mouth. Relax. We will walk you through the cause and treatment of hyperpigmentation/discoloration/dark patches around the mouth. Know the whole mechanism of how melanin affects your skin complexion and how to remove dark spots on your skin.
What causes hyperpigmentation around the mouth?
Hyperpigmentation around the mouth can occur due to a variety of reasons. But before that do you know who is responsible for the shade of skin you currently possess?
Melanin in the skin
Melanin is a type of complex pigment in humans. It is responsible for producing the pigmentation in our hair, skin, and eyes. So when your skin starts producing more melanin, some parts of your skin appear darker. Some common types of hyperpigmentation are melasma, sunspot, and freckles.
↑ Melanin = Darker Skin Tone
↓ Melanin = Fairer Skin Tone
Its added benefit is that melanin acts as a defensive mechanism against UV rays and protects the cells of the epidermis from UV light.
What factors trigger production of melanin?
Unprotected sun exposure not only makes your skin age faster but also motivates melanin production. In addition to which it leads to sunburn, irritation, and skin concerns. Excessive sun exposure is not safe for skin health.
The deficiency of vitamin B12 and vitamin D can also cause skin pigmentation. According to a study published in 2018, a deficiency of vitamin D was noticed in people with melasma. This insufficiency mainly takes place when you avoid sunlight for a long period.
Trauma Inflicted Pigmentation
Trauma to the skin like experiencing acne, breakouts, pimples, skin burn, injuries, skin infections, etc. also leads to dark patches and hyperpigmentation in any area of face.
Smoking can be another reason for damaged skin as it contains nicotine and benzopyrene, the two ingredients, which are responsible for increasing melanin production in the skin and lead to discoloration around the mouth.
How to get rid of darkness around the mouth?
1. Topical ingredients
Look for topical ingredients that can reduce excess melanin formation and also have natural skin brightening properties.
Glycolic acid is a type of alpha-hydroxy acid (or AHA) that's derived from sugar cane. A research study published in Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology has also elucidated the efficacy of glycolic acid in removing hyperpigmentation, melasma, and dark spots. This AHA is not only used for hyperpigmentation but it is considered a hero ingredient for treating anti-aging, dryness, and acne.
Glycolic acid as an exfoliant
Glycolic acid as a humectant
How to use glycolic acid in skin care routine ?
Since glycolic acid is a great exfoliant and humectant, embedding it in your first step of skincare routine i.e., face wash would be a wise decision because it is gentle on your skin . The takeaway point about glycolic acid is that it suits all skin types. A glycolic acid face wash for pigmentation treatment will serve multiple benefits. It helps shed dead skin cells, remove impurities, and will tackle severe skin concerns like hyperpigmentation, dryness and aging at the very first step only.
Tetrahydrocurcumin (White Curcumin)
It is a spice derived from Indian turmeric. This ingredient is color free. A research study published in the National Library of Medicine has put light on the efficacy of topical delivery of Tetrahydrocurcumin. It acts as a super hyperpigmentation treating agent.
Reason - It inhibits tyrosinase, which inhibits the skin from producing melanin. In addition to which it is a potent antioxidant that helps with anti-aging, skin lightening, and sun care. It works highly effectively to relieve oxidative stress.
How to use tetrahydrocurcumin in skin care routine?
Cream that comes with natural skin brightening ingredients and can control over production of melanin pigment is always a great choice for keeping hyperpigmentation at bay. Use a cream for hyperpigmentation that has ingredients like Tetrahydrocurcumin, Pterocarpus marsupium Extract, Althaea officinalis Extract etc. It will help treat melasma, age spots & freckles too.
For best results gently massage a button sized portion over the face, neck and back of the hands. Apply twice daily for a minimum 6-8 weeks.
Antioxidants like Vitamin C
Vitamin C is a potent antioxidant saving the skin from irritation and inflammation. Its derivative Ethyl Ascorbic Acid is considered one of the best ingredients for fading age spots and hyperpigmentation. It works effectively in controlling the production of melanin. In addition to that it is a super ingredient for reducing early signs of aging too. A study conducted in the US Journal of Medicine has found that Ethyl Ascorbic Acid encourages collagen synthesis that helps your skin to perform a better cell turnover.
Using vitamin c in the serum form is a quicker way to fade away hyperpigmentation and dark patches effectively. Reason - Serums have low molecular weight and they seep into skin deeper to deliver visible results.
2. Laser treatment
What could be opted after topical application is laser treatment, like Fraxel. It helps in regenerating collagen and elastin for the skin. It works effectively for treating dark spots and discoloration. Though it is the most expensive method of treating discoloration that is not permanent. In addition , it might not be the best option for those with melasma and might make your skin undergo some severe side effects too. It always depends upon your skincare habits after treatment and what you think is best for your skin.
3. Home remedies
Papaya and turmeric powder are some of the powerful ingredients that help in treating pigmentation and dark patches around the mouth effectively. A recent study elaborates that papaya is rich in vitamin C that balances melanin present in your skin while helping you attain natural radiance. Similarly, turmeric is yet another star ingredient that contains antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties to enhance your natural skin. Home remedies are generally very time taking in terms of giving visible results.
Making yourself accustomed to new and healthy habits while looking for proper treatments and products can certainly help you treat the pigmentation around your mouth. However, staying consistent and avoiding negligence are some of the common yet mostly avoided skin care mantras. Doing these mistake can take you a long way towards achieving your skincare goals while treating and preventing any skin concerns.
P.S.Sun exposure is considered one of the major causes of hyperpigmentation as sunlight tends to trigger the production of melanin in the first place. Secondly hyperpigmentation does not fade away in an overnight. Sun protection plays a pivotal role in maintaining skin health and keeping it away from severe skin concerns. Use broad spectrum sunscreens which provide skin lightening and skin hydrating properties. Make sure that you don’t overdo skincare. Getting rid of those dark patches around your mouth requires patience.