It may surprise you to learn that dark spots and uneven skin tone caused by hyperpigmentation are incredibly common. However, while hyperpigmentation isn’t painful physically, it can cause emotional distress.
So you might be wondering, how can you get rid of hyperpigmentation? Good news is, your blemishes are entirely treatable, preventable, and even quite normal. Wondering how? With hydroxy-acids or AHAs.
Read this article to learn more about AHAs and how you can incorporate them in your skincare to prevent or get rid of blemishes.
What are AHAs?
Alpha-Hydroxy Acids or AHAs are a group of natural fruit acids widely used in skin care products. They promote smooth, glowing, and clear skin through their significant exfoliating properties. These fruit acids exfoliate dead skin cells from the dermis to the epidermis layers of skin to reveal newer, healthier skin underneath.
The skincare industry uses seven types of AHAs in its products, including citric acid (found in citrus fruits), lactic acid (found in sour milk and tomato juice), glycolic acid (found in sugar cane), and others.
5 significant benefits of AHAs for hyperpigmentation
Research has proven that AHAs are gentle on the skin, have a prolonged skin-repairing effect, and are safe to use on almost every skin type. Now let's explore the many benefits of AHAs for your skin!
1. Have Super Exfoliant Powers
The main purpose of AHAs is to exfoliate your skin. In fact, all of the other benefits associated with AHAs are based on this.
The process of exfoliation involves the removal of dead skin cells from the skin's surface.This also prepares the way for the regeneration of new skin cells.
With ageing, the natural cell cycle of your skin slows down, causing dead skin cells to accumulate on your skin. Over time, dead skin cells can clog your pores and dull your complexion.
The accumulation of dead skin cells can also exacerbate other skin issues, such as wrinkles, acne, uneven skin tone, and age spots.
Exfoliation with AHAs removes dead skin cells at the cellular level, helping your skin to remain radiant. This, in turn, promotes softer, more even-toned skin.
2. Suppresses excessive melanin production and evens out skin tone
The presence of hyperpigmentation - or dark spots - in the skin is caused by excess melanin production. The pigment melanin gives skin its colour. Many factors can result in excess melanin production, resulting in dark spots and uneven skin tone.
AHAs help to suppress excessive melanin production by hindering the activity of the tyrosinase enzyme .
3. Boosts collagen production to keep skin plump and smooth
Proteins found in collagen fibres keep your skin plump and smooth. Over time, however, these fibres break down. Sun damage may also cause collagen breakdown. This results in sagging, sallow skin.
Your skin's middle layer (dermis) is made up of collagen. Due to their mild exfoliating properties, AHAs can shed away the surface layer of your skin and penetrate into the dermis. In an attempt to promote collagen production, AHAs destroy old collagen fibres to make room for new ones.
4. Have antioxidant properties to reverse sun damage
Sun exposure is one of the main reasons for inducing age spots, melasma, and even worsening the existing hyperpigmentation.
Nevertheless, there are effective ways to repair sun-damaged skin, and AHA is one of them.
Incorporating AHAs into your skin-care routine, which acts as exfoliants and antioxidants, can help reduce sun damage and leave your skin looking and feeling fresher and more radiant no matter what your age is.
5. Hydrates Your Skin
AHAs lock in moisture in your skin , which keeps it soft and hydrated. Besides soothing dry skin, its moisturising properties can brighten your skin tone.
Humectants present in AHAs keep your skin hydrated by attracting water to the surface. If you have dry skin, lactic acid is the best choice for restoring hydration.
How to use AHAs in your skincare routine?
Now that you know what AHAs can do for you, let's see how you can incorporate it into your skincare routine.
Start with facial washes and cleansers since they are the most popular ways to use AHAs on the face. They begin the cleansing routine with the exfoliating and rejuvenating benefits, which is a very important step.
Also, make sure the product doesn't have a concentration of more than 1-2%. There are multiple AHA concentrations, and a higher percentage means a more powerful product, but it is generally recommended to keep the dosage as low as possible. This is because skin can become irritated or inflamed if you use hydroxy acid at too high a concentration.
Re'equil's fruit AHA face wash can be a perfect solution for you. Designed to maintain the skin's pH balance, this face wash is the first step in your daily hyperpigmentation removal regime. The AHAs present in this product are fruit-derived and act as mild exfoliators on the upper layer of skin, maintaining proper hydration levels and leaving a healthy glow.
The Bottom Line
Being familiar with ingredients in your skincare routine and how they affect your skin is always a good idea. If you want an all-inclusive skin care treatment that helps get rid of blemishes, AHAs are your go-to option. They can help hyperpigmented skin, and even if you don't have this problem, using AHAs will promote healthier-looking and more radiant skin, as well as prevent many issues before they appear. Try it now!