Most people associate acne with oily skin, so they tend to think that their breakouts are due to their oil glands. As a result, they seek treatment in the form of over-the-counter acne products and home remedies that dry up their acne.
If you’ve oily skin and you use acne drying treatments for your breakouts, good for you! However, if you use such products on your dry skin, it might end up worsening your acne problem.
So, does dry skin cause acne?
While dry skin isn't necessarily a cause of acne, the products you use to treat one issue may worsen the other. Cleansing products that strip oil from your skin can result in dry, flaky skin, and moisturisers that are supposed to hydrate your skin may actually clog your pores. This leads to you ending up in a vicious cycle of using acne treatment products that end up aggravating your acne even more.
Hence, not knowing your skin type might cause you a lot of trouble. Even so, not a lot of people talk about this topic, which leads to more ignorance.
Luckily, if you’re struggling with dryness on top of acne this season, we have the solution to all your skin problems.
Know what is dry skin and acne
Overactive sebaceous glands produce excessive sebum, making the skin oily. Sebum is a natural skin oil that protects and lubricates the skin. Excessive amounts of sebum can cause acne breakouts and clogged pores.
Even acne is much more likely to be associated with oily skin than with dry skin; it can also occur with dry skin.
If you’re experiencing acne with dry skin, your skin barrier damage might be the culprit. The prime function of epidermis is to protect your skin from bacteria, external aggressors, and damage.
If the moisture barrier in your skin is damaged it makes the lipid matrix (fats and oils within your skin) less taut. The resulting gaps in the skin barrier can make it harder to keep germs out of your skin, and it does a poor job of preventing water loss from your skin and causes skin dryness. Other results of poor barrier functions are inflammation, irritation, redness, rough/discoloured patches, bacterial/viral infections, and acne.
Before looking for acne treatments, it is imperative to know your skin type. Improper knowledge of appropriate skin care products for acne-prone skin is often a contributing factor to dry skin in acne patients. Thus, in order to maintain your skin barrier and treat dry skin with acne, you need to maintain a healthy skincare routine.
4-step skin routine to combat acne on dry skin
For dry skin with acne treatment, a skincare routine that repairs and soothes your inflamed, damaged, and cracked skin is essential. However, with a wide array of products (claiming to deeply cleanse your skin and get rid of acne forever), it's somewhat daunting to create an everyday skincare routine.
To assist you with the same, we bring forth an easy (yet incredibly effective) 5-step skincare routine to combat acne on dry skin.
1. Look for a gentle cleanser with moisturising ingredients
The first step to an efficient skincare routine is to select a gentle cleanser with deeply moisturising ingredients. Look for alcohol-free, non-comedogenic, sulphate-free qualities in your moisturiser - as they do not damage your skin barrier and help combat acne.
Correspondingly, your moisturiser should possess these ingredients -
Glycerine is a humectant that helps retain moisture. Thus, keeping the skin healthy and moisturised. It also softens the skin, reduces dryness, increases hydration, and rejuvenates the skin barrier.
Vaccinium Myrtillus Fruit
The Vaccinium Myrtillus fruit has antioxidant properties that calm and soothes the skin. It hydrates the skin, reducing any sort of inflammation or redness. Besides, it deeply moisturises your skin, curtailing acne breakouts or pimples.
- Saccharum Officinarum (Sugarcane Extract)
Sugarcane contains lactic and glycolic acids. These possess exfoliating and calming properties. Thus, they help eliminate the dead skin cells and hydrate your skin effectively.
2. Your moisturiser “Must Have” these ingredients to build up the damaged skin barrier.
Next up, your moisture should comprise certain ingredients that help build up the damaged skin barrier and avoid the resulting acne. As aforesaid, the topmost layer of the skin is known as the skin barrier. It gets damaged due to several external conditions, such as a dry and humid environment, overexposure to sunlight, and other genetic factors.
Some of these "must-have" ingredients are:
Ceramides are naturally occurring lipids that do both protect and maintain the skin's natural barrier. Over time, ceramides disappear from the skin, making it drier and less supple. Ceramide-containing creams and lotions can repair the skin's barrier, retaining the moisture content, and relieve dryness.
Hyaluronic acid (or hyaluronan) helps provide the utmost water content to the skin. Hence, it deeply nourishes the upper layers of the skin, promoting a healthier and smoother appearance.
Mangifera Indica (Mango) Seed Butter
Like cocoa butter, mango seed butter comprises moisturising properties. It forms a defensive layer that helps reduce acne scars, wrinkles, stretch marks, and other signs of ageing.
Borage Seed Oil
Borage oil is originally extracted from the seed of Borage Officinalis plants. This helps reduce skin inflammation.
3. Look for face serums packed with antioxidants and anti-acne ingredients
A face serum may be the perfect way to enhance your skincare regimen with a product that contains more active ingredients than a cleanser or moisturiser. Face serums nourish, protect, and hydrate the skin after cleansing and before moisturising.
Along with moisturising properties, your skincare routine should also comprise face serums packed with antioxidants and anti-acne ingredients. Antioxidants boost blood supply that helps promote younger skin, whereas anti-acne ingredients help combat acne breakouts. Thus, make sure the serum you use possesses the following ingredients.
Granactive™ is an antimicrobial peptide procured from plant amino acids. It targets acne-causing bacteria to treat and heal acne lesions. This anti-acne ingredient is highly synergistic with salicylic acid, which helps soothe and cleanse the skin.
Niacinamide is a form of niacin (Vitamin-B), an essential component of the skin barrier. It boosts barrier function by boosting the synthesis of ceramide. It works to improve skin hydration and soothe irritated skin by preventing Transepidermal Water Loss (TEWL).
Niacinamide possesses potent antimicrobial and sebum regulating properties which make it an important ingredient for acne treatment. That being said, in case you get purging from niacinamide, you may have used too much or a product with too high a concentration (>10%) of niacinamide for your skin.
Salicylic acid in skin care is well known for reducing acne. This soluble oil ingredient penetrates the pores to dissolve dead skin cells, excess oils, and other impurities.
At higher concentrations, salicylic acid may cause flakiness, dryness, and irritation. Consider using salicylic acid products with a lower concentration while treating acne.
4. Always finish with a sunscreen that gives excellent sun protection and hydration
If you’re going out in the sun, make sure you top it all with sunscreen. The sunscreen must be non-comedogenic and oxybenzone-free as it induces acne. Likewise, to witness a satisfactory result at the end of your routine, your sunscreen should possess these ingredients:
SPF sunscreens with zinc oxide scatter the sun's rays, which prevents potentially harmful ultraviolet rays from reaching the skin. Since zinc oxide sunscreens sit on top of the skin and block rays physically, they are often called “sunscreen filters.”
Physalis angulata Extract
Researchers have found that Physalis Angulata Extract is rich in antioxidant properties that slow or prevent photoaging of the skin. This ingredient has calming effects on skin and also keeps the skin hydrated.
Titanium Dioxide is effective at blocking UVB rays and short UVA rays. Sunscreens that come with ingredients are well tolerated by all skin types, aiming to protect the skin from the scorching rays of the sun.
Knowing your skin type and choosing a skincare regime that suits your needs is the first step to having beautiful skin. The majority of people do not know their skin type, which is why they use the wrong type of skincare products. Taking care of dry skin is very different from taking care of oily skin. Skin types that are not treated correctly can lead to irritated, breakout-prone, and prematurely aged skin.
Choosing the right skincare routine for your skin type is crucial to keeping your skin looking young, healthy, and beautiful. So the next time you buy a face wash, toner, serum, and moisturiser, make sure that you know your skin type and the ingredients in these products that suit your skin perfectly.
In the end, the most important aspect of getting rid of acne is consistency! The more consistent you are with your skincare routine, the better results you will see. Though it will take time, you will undoubtedly be satisfied with the outcome.