What are Blemishes? | Causes of Blemishes

What are Blemishes - Have you ever stood in front of the mirror, stared at your dark spots and thought why they always feel at home on my face? What adds to your frustration is when someone points, “hey! you got blemishes on your face, why don’t you treat them”. And your inner voice shouts, free advices are not acceptable.

We have often heard the word blemishes, but are always confused with what exactly blemishes are. So, lets begin with knowing what are blemishes and what are the causes, so that we can treat them accordingly.

Do you know what is a blemish that occurs on your face?

Blemishes are scars, spots, discoloration on the skin or any other marks which are visible on the skin, especially the face. Precisely, blemishes refer to acne scars; however, it can also include melasma, hyperpigmentation, lentigines, dermatosis papulosa, and vascular proliferation, etc. Sun exposure, genetic conditions, ageing, and other skin conditions can be responsible for these marks. Let us have a look at the common causes of blemishes and how to get rid of them -



1. Acne

What are Blemishes

The most common and bothersome skin problem nowadays is that of acne. If you have an oily skin, that makes you among the first victim of zits. It happens because extra oil clogs your facial pores causing acne, which ultimately leaves behind uneven scars or dark spots. Thereby, you need to find the causes of oily skin  to begin regime for acne care. 

2. Genetics

DNA has a major role to play in anything and everything that happens within your body. Marks from any genetic disorder can also be a possible reason for the blemishes. Birthmarks, mongolian spots, hemangiomas are some of the scars caused due to genetics, which tend to fade with age in a majority of cases.

3. Ageing

Causes of Blemishes

Ageing can be a very prominent factor for blemishes amongst people over 50 years of age. However, people below 50 may even have age spots which results from hyperpigmentation.

Blemishes that occur due to ageing are categorized into 3 different types -

  • Liver spots or age spots – These types of blemishes are characterized by flat brown spots on the skin, which are usually harmless. Liver spots occur after excessive sun exposure or any other types of ultraviolet rays.
  • Purpura - Purpura occurs when small blood vessels called capillaries burst and leak blood into the skin. This results in red spots on the skin which later turns into brown and purple.
  • Seborrheic Keratoses - These blemishes usually appear as pale, black, or brown growth on the back, shoulders, chest, or face. However, until now their root cause is unknown.

4. Hyperpigmentation

What are Blemishes

If you have dark patches or uneven skin tone that means melanin is overproduced. Excessive sun exposure is the biggest reason that can cause hyperpigmentation. This is why dermatologists and skin care experts always emphasize how important it is to slather sunscreen before going out. Other factors accountable for hyperpigmentation are pregnancy, the use of certain medications, acne scarring, and hormonal changes. If you are already facing the problem then try these effective home remedies for pigmentation on face.

5. Cysts

Cysts are generally visible in the form of a bump inside or outside the skin filled with white fluid. They can be of various sizes and are non-cancerous. The common three types are:

  • Epidermoid Cysts
  • Ganglion Cysts
  • Sebaceous Cysts

6. Hormonal Changes

Menstruation, pregnancy, menopause, puberty and other hormonal changes that take place with age can be responsible for causing or exaggerating blemishes. Even birth control pills can be a reason behind blemishes. Moreover, it is very common in women to get blemishes during monthly cycle or when they are nearing their menopause.


7. Stress

If you frown more and smile less then it is time to break up with stress. You should know that by being stressed you are creating more problems for your skin. This question might strike in your head that how does stress cause acne.  Here we want to reveal scientific facts to your knowledge. A study conducted by the Stanford University School of Medicine has found that stress during exams in students not only worsened up the acne flare-up but also caused blemishes on the face. Stress boosts up the overproduction of cortisol (stress hormone) from adrenal glands which in turn stimulates sebaceous glands to produce more oil and makes the skin too oily. Hence, stress is another accountable factor that can result in blemishes.

 8. Going to bed without washing face

To keep yourself away from unwanted blemishes, it is highly important to properly wash your face before sleeping. Removing makeup before sleeping is an integral part of beauty care routine. Going to bed without cleaning face only adds up more dirt, oil, and debris on your skin.  All these impurities trigger blemishes formation on the skin. Amidst all of this, be selective about your face wash and choose non-comedogenic skin products as act as good friends towards your skin.

9. Touching Your Face Too Often

Another shocking fact that needs your attention is touching the face again and again may also cause blemishes. The reason behind this is that often touching your face causes dirt and bacteria to accumulate on the skin, which can cause acne and later may result in blemishes on your skin.

How to remove blemishes fast?

Since, by now you are clear on what are blemishes, let’s shift to the best products for treating blemishes. To get rid of unwanted dark, black or brown spots, liver spots, facial discolorations or blemishes, there are skin lightening creams that work wonders. Take a pause, collect facts, think wisely and choose best cream to remove pigmentation. You must be thinking which cream could be best for your skin. Well, the list of ingredients determines the efficacy and safety of a product. In the market, several products are available that claim to lighten your complexion. Such products may contain skin-brightening agents like glutathione, kojic acid or hydroquinone. However, consulting skin care experts or getting thorough knowledge about these ingredients and your skin type is always better for your skin health. Additionally, there are natural alternatives such as  Pterocarpus marsupium, Vitamin C, and glycolic acid, etc that help to improve your skin color and texture. The natural depigmentation, antioxidants, anti-inflammatory, and skin healing properties of natural ingredients helps to brighten your skin color, thereby revealing a healthy, glowing, and radiant appearance.

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