Everything You Need To Know About Skin Pigmentation
Believe it or not, skin pigmentation is inescapable. A research study states that over 80% of women deal from skin pigmentation at least once in their lifetime. It usually occurs when there is an overproduction of skin pigment melanin in the body. The skin pigmentation not only leads to skin discolouration, but also causes acne scars, age spots, and dark patches. Leading dermatologists explain that there are multiple factors that can lead to hyperpigmentation such as skin infections, unprotected sun exposure, skin inflammations, hormonal imbalances etc. In a sum up, this skin condition is referred to as hyperpigmentation that makes certain areas of the skin to appear darker in comparison to the rest. We understand that the continuous presence of dark patches and scars not only impacts your appearance but also your confidence and self-image. What’s more, a study cited in 2018 has shown the psychological effects of skin pigmentation such as melasma on several women.
TYPES OF PIGMENTATION
- Post-inflammatory pigmentation
Melasma is considered to be one of the most common types of pigmentation. It appears as grey and brown blotches which are mainly visible on the chin, forehead, cheeks, upper lip, or nose. Although melasma is usually triggered due to pregnancy, it is not limited to that. A recent study has found that certain factors like poor diet, harsh skin care products, pollution, excessive sun exposure etc can also cause melasma. Furthermore, this skin condition can occur at any stage of your life, even when you’re in your teens. If you develop melasma during your 20s or 30s, it may continue to stay that for a long time, even decades.
There is a famous saying that turns your face to the sun and shadow fall behind you. However, too much exposure to the sun can cause freckles, which is yet another common type of pigmentation. Freckles are mostly visible on the T-zone of your face but can also occur on your cheeks, forehead, neck etc. Studies show that this skin condition mostly occurs due to hereditary and genetic factors.
3. Post-inflammatory pigmentation
Are you constantly wondering what is Post-inflammatory pigmentation? Top experts reveal that the Post-inflammatory pigmentation (PIH) tends affects the dermis (layer lies beneath the epidermis). It generally occurs due to burns, acne, treatments like chemical peels, laser or friction.
- Try aloe vera mask
- Avoid popping pimples
- Apply sunscreen
- Moisturize daily
1. Try aloe vera mask
Truth be told, aloe vera gel has been your skin BFF for ages now. The compound called Aloesin present in this dynamic natural ingredients helps to lighten the skin pigmentation by preventing melanin production in your skin. Studies confirm that the natural depigmenting properties of aloe vera make it an effective home remedy for fading dark spots from your skin.
2. Avoid popping pimples
Research states that continuous picking or scratching can increase the inflammation all the more. Once the inflammation increases, it can go deeper into your skin over time and lead to skin discolouration. To remove pigmentation use a cream that includes the right depigmenting agent for your skin.
3. Apply sunscreen
One of the most effective ways to prevent skin discolouration is to protect your skin with a broad-spectrum sunscreen. Unprotected exposure to UV rays triggers melanin production, which ultimately leads to dark or pigmented skin. As a consequence, numerous skin care experts emphasize on using a broad-spectrum sunscreen to protect your skin from both UVA and UVB rays and maintain its health.
4. Moisturize daily
Although you are looking to lighten your dark spots when you have hyperpigmentation, it is also essential to keep your skin moisturized. When you look for a moisturizer, ensure that your moisturizer contains some of the key ingredients like hyaluronic acid or glycerin, or even retinol, to increase cell turnover. Including these potent ingredients will help you treat pigmentation while keeping your skin nourished and youthful-looking.
Curing these blemishes and pigmentation may seem like a far-fetched dream, but with a thorough understanding and precautionary steps, you can easily attain your skin goals. Remember, skin care is a great responsibility, especially when are facing pigmentation on your skin. What’s important is to remember that healthy, beautiful skin isn’t a miracle and cannot happen overnight. Taking care of your skin is more important than covering it up with makeup or artificial creams. Your skin is going to be with you always, hence invest in it wisely.
Numerous researches have unraveled the promising results and benefits that AHA (alpha hydroxy acids) brings for hyperpigmentation and dark spots. AHA’s are plant-derived acids that help to improve the uneven skin tone by removing the layer of dead cells, dirt and impurities from your epidermis (skin). Mild cleansing properties of AHA’s (alpha-hydroxy acids) assists in promoting new skin cell regeneration to decrease the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles on the skin while offering a natural glow.