Daily Habits That Can Cause Melasma
Are you exhausted of camouflaging brown discolorations or dark patches with makeup? Undoubtedly, dewy and glowing skin is something that each of us desires to have. Feeling your best self becomes a tough deal when your skin is turning dull and darker day by day. Aesthetic problems like melasma have been found to create a negative impact on the appearance and self-esteem of individuals. Melasma is a skin condition, which predominantly occurs in women but affects men as well. A research study mentioned in the International Journal of Women's Dermatology has also reported the psychological effects of melasma among women. If you have been dealing with hyperpigmentation issues, leave all your worries behind. Fortunately, you can restore your skin’s natural glow without making many efforts.
- Sun exposure
- Wrong choice of skin care products
- Poor diet
- Environmental pollution
1. Sun exposure
Unprotected exposure to UV rays triggers melanin production in the skin which further induces melasma and unusual darkening of the skin. To save your skin from such pigmentary disorders, the use of sunscreen is considered a safe and effective preventive measure. A research published in the Indian Journal of Dermatology has figured out that regular use of a broad-spectrum sunscreen significantly helps to improve melasma. In addition, the use of sunscreen that comes with Zinc Oxide & Titanium Dioxide helps to prevent skin from tanning and photoaging.
Being happy and stress-free is considered a secret to glowing and healthy skin. Numerous research studies have found a connection between stress and melasma. During stress and anxiety, levels of stress hormone ( cortisol) begin to elevate in the body. Higher levels of stress hormone cause oxidative stress, which further may result in hyperpigmentation. Hormonal imbalance during pregnancy is identified as a common cause of melasma.
3. Wrong choice of skin care products
In the market, numerous skin-lightening cosmetic products are available which claim to provide instant bright complexion. However, before buying any skin care products it is very important to understand the safety concerns. A research study in Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology has concluded the adverse effects of skin lightening agents like Hydroquinone and Kojic Acid. This study further elaborates that the frequent use of these skin-bleaching agents may cause severe damage to the uppermost layer of skin i.e. epidermis.
4. Poor diet
A healthy diet plays a significant role in preventing melasma meanwhile improving your skin’s glow. A controlled research study has concluded that women with iron and vitamin B12 deficiencies have higher numbers of melasma cases. Eating a balanced diet, which contains all the essential minerals, vitamins, and antioxidants help to bring a noticeable change in skin complexion. Food items like fortified cereals, fish, meat, poultry, eggs, milk, fortified soymilk, and milk products are considered a good source of vitamin B12.
5. Environmental pollution
According to a research study, air pollution has also become a potential factor for causing hyperpigmentation especially melasma. Air pollutants are known to trigger oxidative stress in the skin, which ultimately leads to extrinsic aging and discolored skin. Moisturizing your skin every day helps to restore the skin’s natural barrier and prevent it from damage. The use of moisturizers containing hyaluronic acid and ceramides helps to enhance the hydration in deeper layers of skin, which in turn offers you bright and glowing skin. Furthermore, another research study has elaborated the benefits of topical vitamin C for the treatment of hyperpigmentation.
Hyperpigmentation conditions can affect you at any stage of your life. Delaying the treatment and wrong practices of melasma may lead to more darkening of the skin. Following the right skin care regimen on a regular basis will not only provide you the noticeable results in your complexion but also make your skin appear youthful. Needless to say, patience and consistency is the key to achieve a healthy and glowing skin. So stay diligent with your healthy skin care habits.
P.S.Latest researches have acknowledged the benefits of AHA (alpha hydroxy acids) for hyperpigmentation and dark spots on the face. AHA’s are plant-derived acids that help to improve the skin tone by removing the layer of dead cells from the skin surface. Mild exfoliating properties of AHA’s are known to promote new skin cell regeneration to reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles on the skin.