What Is Glycolic Acid And What It Does To Your Skin?
You always tend to relate the word “acid” with something that is harsh and harmful to your skin. Interestingly, glycolic acid proves to be a phenomenal ingredient to attain a glowing complexion and smooth skin. Glycolic acid is alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) which is procured from natural sources including pineapple, cantaloupe, unripe grapes, and so on. A 2018 research study has also elucidated the benefits of alpha hydroxy acid (AHA’s) to treat melasma, hyperpigmentation, roughness, age spots, and scars. To add to this, many dermatologists applaud the benefits of this fruit acid in managing the numerous dermatological concerns.
- Fades hyperpigmentation
- Diminishes fine lines and wrinkles
- Lends radiant glow to the skin
- Reverses sun damage
1. Fades hyperpigmentation
Glycolic acid is listed as one of the most effective natural solutions to fade away the hyperpigmentation. Many clinical research studies have found that people dealing with hyperpigmentation and dark spots showed significant improvement after the use of glycolic acid. It suppresses the excessive melanin production by hindering the activity of the tyrosinase enzyme.
2. Diminishes fine lines and wrinkles
Numerous research studies have evaluated the efficacy of alpha-hydroxy acids in reversing the photoaging of the skin. With the progression of age, your body loses the ability to shed dead cells as it did in your teenage years. Therefore, the accumulation of dead skin cells and other environmental impurities induce the premature aging of the skin. The glycolic acids reduce the risk of extrinsic skin aging by clearing all the debris from the outer skin layer. To add to this, Glycolic acid is also known to stimulate collagen and elastin production, which helps to reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
3. Lends radiant glow to skin
As per skin care experts, topical use of alpha hydroxy acid is quite good to revive your dull and uneven skin tone. AHA’s loosen the chemical bonds between dead keratinized skin cells, which ultimately gives you the brighter and glowing appearance. Dermatologists believe that being a small molecule, glycolic acid has the ability to penetrate into hair follicles and loosen up sebum buildup that can lead to blackheads and breakouts.
4. Reverses sun damage
Apart from exfoliation, glycolic acid is known to perform several other functions for your skin. Consistent use of this natural ingredient is found to repair the skin damage, which is caused by UVA and UVB radiations of sun. Its incredible antioxidant and mild exfoliating properties help to restore the skin smoothness and hydration along improving the skin glow.
How to use it
As per dermatologists, AHA based face cleansers are an excellent way to inculcate the glycolic acid into your skin care regimen. Glycolic acid is a fruit acid, which is acknowledged as a safe ingredient for almost every skin type. It has been observed that use of AHA or glycolic acid based products makes the skin vulnerable to sunlight, hence it is needed to be followed with a good broad spectrum sunscreen. However, people with extra sensitive skin and those who are having the skin allergies should talk to an experienced dermatologist before using it.