Every color is beautiful, so are the shades of our skin. All thanks to melanin (skin pigment) for creating diversity of colors in our lives.
Gladly, in today's times, the idea of beauty is becoming more inclusive than ever. It's the beginning of the realization that every skin color is attractive and peculiar in its own way. And, to maintain the uniqueness of all skin tones, it is important to understand skin better and make it healthy, youthful, and the best it can be. In simple words, healthy and glowing skin implies how nicely it is being taken care of. The aim should be to enhance your overall skin health by using skin care products backed up with science.
Before we delve into the best skin care tips for healthy and glowing skin, understand what kind of complexion you exactly have -
Types of skin complexions
- Type 1 - Extremely fair skin
- Type 2 - Fair skin
- Type 3 - Medium skin
- Type 4 - Olive skin
- Type 5 - Brown skin
- Type 6 - Black skin
Type 1 - Extremely fair skin
The type 1 skin tone has pale white skin due to the least melanin contents. People with such skin are very susceptible to sunburn even with little sun exposure. However, this skin does not tan rapidly.
Type 2 - Fair skin
Skin is characterized by pale or fair color. Skin easily burns, tans, and peels in the presence of sunlight. People with this complexion also get freckles when exposed to the sun.
Type 3 - Medium skin
People with type 3 skin have fair to beige color, with golden undertones. In sun exposure, skin receives burns occasionally. Instead of getting freckles, skin tans uniformly.
Type 4 - Olive skin
In this type, skin appears light brown in color. People with this tone rarely experience sunburn but are at greater risk of tan when exposed to sunlight.
Type 5 - Brown skin
The brown skin color rarely burns but does tan easily. Type 5 skin type people rarely have freckles.
Type 6 - Black skin
Skin has higher melanin levels as compared to other skin types. Black skin people do not receive sunburn and freckles. However, due to the elevated melanin content skin gets tan very quickly.
5 common skin care tips for different skin tones
The best thing to know is skin care basics remain the same irrespective of your skin tone. There are a whole lot of extrinsic factors that affect every individual's skin in the same way and contribute to dull complexion, fine lines, wrinkles, and much more. Luckily, all the skin types and skin tones can benefit from these below given tips -
1. Apply Sunscreen
It is true that unprotected sun exposure is damaging for all skin tones. A research study published in the International Journal of Molecular Sciences has highlighted the risks of excessive sun exposure to epidermis.
Both UVA and UVB rays penetrate the skin layers, which leads to collagen destruction and unusual melanin production. Fortunately, by choosing the right sunscreen, you can shield your skin from sun damage effectively.
2. Moisturize your skin
Moisturization not only keeps your skin supple but enhances overall radiance of your skin as well. Moisturizing skin on a daily basis helps to keep your skin’s barrier healthy and promotes cell turnover for a soft and supple skin.
Additionally, antioxidants and skin rejuvenating ingredients present in moisturizer help to promote the skin healing in concerns like acne, hyperpigmentation, and dry skin condition ( atopic dermatitis).
What are the essential ingredients in a moisturizer ?
Ceramides are the fatty acids that make up 30- 40% of your skin’s outer layer. The major role of ceramide is to maintain the integrity of the skin barrier by locking in the moisture. They help to reduce the signs of aging, improve skin texture, and elasticity.
Hyaluronic acid is a great moisturizing ingredient for all skin types. It draws the moisture to the top layer of skin which gives you a dewy and youthful appearance. Due to its neutral pH value, hyaluronic acid shows good compatibility with other ingredients as well.
Cydonia oblonga leaf extract
Look for this ingredient in moisturizers if you have oily/ acne prone skin. Cydonia oblonga leaf extract functions to balance out excess sebum, calms inflammation, and irritations while keeping the skin hydrated and supple.
3. Feed your skin with vitamin C
There is no doubt that Vitamin C is your skin’s holy grail.
Topical vitamin C gives a potent supply of antioxidants (bioflavonoids) in skin to boost collagen production and contracts free radical damage. Whether you are dealing with hyperpigmentation, premature aging signs, acne inflammations, and rough skin texture, Vitamin C proves to be a perfect fit in any skin care regimen.
Which type of vitamin C is best for skin?
Identifying the right type of vitamin C for your skin type is important to reap the maximum benefits. The good news is, there are many different types of vitamin C formulations available -
EAA (Ethyl Ascorbic Acid)
This form of vitamin C is considered most suitable and effective for normal skin types. It is great for hyperpigmentation, dull complexion, age spots, and fine lines.
Sodium Ascorbyl Phosphate (SAP)
To improve the appearance of oily/ acne prone skin, try this vitamin C derivative. Research studies claim that along with potent antioxidants, it also possesses anti inflammatory and skin calming properties.
This newly discovered vitamin C derivative is great for all skin types. It is oil soluble in properties that enable its easy penetration into skin without making skin feeling irritated. Applying it during night time offers wonderful rejuvenation to tired skin and also works to improve fine lines and wrinkles.
4. Always follow a night skin care routine
Your dull skin tone and rough skin texture might be the result of skipping your night skin care routine. During the whole day, your skin gets exposed to intense UV rays and numerous pollutants. The buildup of all these environmental stressors lead to free radical generation in skin which further give rise to fine lines, wrinkles, and blemishes.
The significance of an ideal night skin regimen is that it helps to eliminate all the impurities from skin meanwhile allowing skin rejuvenation during sleep. Skipping your night skin regimen is a common bad skin care habit that you should avoid if you want to attain healthy and glowing skin.
5. Eat healthy
A healthy and nutritious diet can work miracles on your skin. Foods which have rich contents of omega 3 fatty acids, antioxidants, and vitamins are very beneficial to enhance the skin health and reduce the risks of many skin concerns. Take a break from junk food items containing unhealthy fats and carbohydrates, as they can ruin your skin health in many ways.
Epidermis (the outer layer of skin) acts as safeguard for your skin against extrinsic factors like sun, pollution, heat, and extreme weather conditions. So, taking care of your skin is not only a matter of outer appearance but is also important for your overall well being. As the time passes away, your skin’s cell turnover becomes slow and it begins to lose its tensile strength and flexibility. This leads to a couple of skin concerns like damaged skin barrier, fine lines/ wrinkles, and poor skin texture. On a daily basis, staying committed to your inside-outside skin care rituals not only keep your skin looking its best, but also makes it more resilient to any skin concerns.