Hyperpigmentation is a term used to define the dark spots or brown patches that appear on your face. Among the availability of several treatments, topical treatments have been identified as a very effective way to stop your skin from darkening.
Skin discoloration or blotchy spots would be the last thing you ever want to see on your face. It is quite understandable how these uninvited dark spots on face make you conscious about your look and eventually put you in a state of emotional suffering. According to skin care experts, the color of the skin becomes darker than usual when there is an overproduction of a skin pigment called melanin. Hyperpigmentation is an umbrella term used to define skin conditions like melasma, age spots, sun spots, freckles, and blemishes.
Drop all your worries and relax; we have just got you genuine and effective tips to reduce the pigmentation on your face. According to dermatologists, by understanding the cause and risk factors of dark spots, you can easily tackle any kind of hyperpigmentation.
What Are the Causes for the Occurrence of uneven skin pigmentation? Let’s Find Out
As per research, hyperpigmentation including dark spots, sunspots, age spots, and melasma is the result of excess melanin production and free radical damage.
- Sun Exposure
- Side Effects of Medications
- Existing Skin Conditions
- Irritation and Wound Healing
1. Sun Exposure
UV rays are a major cause of concern for the darkening of your skin. Direct exposure to sun rays produces more melanin in the skin, which subsequently gives uneven skin tone. Wearing a broad-spectrum sunscreen and covering your body with clothes are simple and easiest ways to avoid sun damage.
2. Side Effects of Medications
The use of certain medications has been found to cause dark spots as an aftereffect. According to skincare experts, certain drugs increase skin sensitivity to UV rays.
3. Existing Skin Conditions
Existing skin conditions like post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH), eczema, psoriasis, and melasma, etc lead to skin discolorations. In PIH, dark spots appear on the skin after healing of inflammatory conditions like acne.
Melasma is known to be major cause of cause of skin pigmentation. It creates discoloration of the skin or dark patches. Melasma is This condition is mainly found in women, especially pregnant ladies. Changes in the hormones during pregnancy lead to overproduction of melanin pigment, which finally leads to abnormal changes in skin color.
5. Irritation and Wound Healing
Any skin injuries like wounds, cuts, or insect bites can also lead to dark spots.
7 Ways Suggested by Dermatologists to Remove Dark Spots and Pigmentation
- Hydroquinone creams
- Laser Treatment
- Chemical Peels
- Chemical exfoliators
1. Hydroquinone creams
Hydroquinone is a skin bleaching agent that helps to get rid of dark spots and hyperpigmentation fast. It is widely used in the formulation of over-the-counter cream to treat melasma, age spots, acne scars, and uneven skin. It helps to lighten your skin by hindering the activity of melanin-producing cells called melanocytes.
Surprisingly, many research studies have stated that regular use of skin bleaching agents like hydroquinone and kojic acid is associated with adverse effects such as skin inflammation, rebound hyperpigmentation, and skin allergies.
The good thing is, there are natural and safer alternatives for dark spots removal. Onion extract (Allium cepa) is a new natural ingredient, which is the perfect answer to how to remove dark spots caused by pimples.
Onion comprises a flavonoid called quercetin which has natural skin lightening properties. A research study has stated the anti-tyrosinase activity of dried skin of the red onions. They help to lighten the facial discolorations by hindering the functions of an enzyme that stimulates melanin production. Another remarkable benefit of the Allium Cepa Bulb Extract is that it also helps to fade the pitted acne scars.
2. Laser Treatment
Laser therapy is an expensive but effective treatment to reduce the appearance of dark spots on the face. Intense pulse light is used to lighten the dark spots.
3. Chemical Peels
Chemical peels such as glycolic acid are identified as an effective solution to treat dark spots. Glycolic acids are one of the most common forms of AHA (Alpha hydroxy acids) that gently exfoliate the dead skin cells from your skin surface to give you smooth and flawless skin.
It is the type of treatment that involves the use of liquid nitrogen to fade pimple marks and remove dark spots. Risks include scarring or permanent skin discoloration.
Microdermabrasion is a cosmetic procedure in which the top layer of your skin is gently removed with the help of tiny crystals. This procedure is effective if you are looking for a quick way on how to remove black spots from face, minimize fine lines, and improve skin appearance.
6. Vitamin C
A research study published in The Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology has demonstrated the benefits of topical vitamin C to reduce skin pigmentation.
When vitamin C is applied to the skin, it delivers antioxidants content to skin layers which helps in skin regeneration. Dark spot removal, especially to remove pimple marks that are scar black, and collagen production are the major benefits of vitamin C in hyperpigmentation disorders.
7. Home Remedies
Natural home remedies and botanical ingredients available in your pantry cabinets are inexpensive and safe ways to fade away the dark spots from the face and the best answer to how to remove pimple marks. It has been observed that papaya, aloe vera, lemon juice, etc are very effective home remedies to lighten dark spots.
Aloe vera contains a natural skin brightening compound named aloin that helps to make your skin brighter and radiant. Papaya contains the enzyme papain, beta-carotene, and alpha-hydroxy acids that help to promote the new cell growth and fade away the dark spots from the face. Lemon is a great source of vitamin C and also a natural depigmenting agent which helps to lighten the dark spots effectively.
Prevention is Better than Cure: Take Action Now!
It is not necessary that pigmentation on the face gets resolved on its own over time. However, dermatologists explain that in many cases skin discolorations become more severe and prominent on your face with time. So, procrastinating a bit more may make it tough for you to treat dark spots and look for a permanent solution on how to get rid of pimples marks. Hence, consider following the given tips and preventive measures religiously to get your spot-free, naturally glowing, and healthy skin back. Try Re’equil’s Mattifying sunscreen and prevent your skin from further damage.
Healthy skin is a reflection of your overall wellness so make a wise choice by keeping your skin a top priority. Choose clinically tested products approved by dermatologists at Re’equil, and give your skin the love they deserve.