What are Blemishes? | Causes of Blemishes

We have often heard the word blemishes but are often confused when it comes to knowing what are blemishes exactly. So, let's make our minds clear about what are blemishes and what are the causes of blemishes so that we can act accordingly on treating them. Blemishes are scars, spots, discolouration on the skin or any other marks which are visible on the skin, especially the face. Precisely, blemishes refer to acne scars, however, it can also include melasma, hypopigmentation, lentigines, dermatosis papulosa, vascular proliferation etc. Sun exposure, genetic conditions, ageing, and other skin conditions can be responsible for these marks. Let us have a look at the causes of blemishes:

Causes of Blemishes

1. Acne

The most common frustrating problem nowadays is acne. It is caused due to various reasons like clogging of the pores, excess sebum production, etc. which often leave behind very uneasy scars. There are various types of acne scars which depend upon the intensity of acne.

2. Genetics

DNA has a major role to play in anything and everything that happens in your body. Marks from any genetic disorder can be a reason for the blemishes. Birthmarks, Mongolian spots, hemangiomas are some of the scars caused due to genetics and they tend to fade with age in most of the cases.

3. Ageing

Ageing can be a very prominent factor for blemishes amongst people over 50 years of age. However, people below 50 may even have age spots as they result from hyperpigmentation only. Liver spots, purpura, or seborrheic keratoses can be some of the reasons behind blemishes.

4. Skin Cancer

There are various types of skin cancers like basal cell carcinoma, malignant melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma etc. they can vary in their appearance and colour. It can appear as raised red bumps, or yellow scabs, or even dark patches with irregular borders.

5. Hyperpigmentation

Melanin can be overproduced under certain circumstances which can lead to blemishes on the skin. It can cause dark patches or uneven skin tone. There can be various reasons for hyperpigmentation like excessive sun exposure, acne scarring, or even hormonal changes.

6. Cysts

Cysts are generally visible in the form of a bump inside or outside the skin filled with white fluid. They can be of various sizes and are non-cancerous. They are of three types:

a. Epidermoid Cysts
b. Ganglion Cysts
c. Sebaceous Cysts

7. Hormonal Changes

Menstruation, pregnancy, menopause, puberty and other hormonal changes which take place with age can be responsible for causing or exaggerating blemishes. Even birth control pills can be a reason behind blemishes. Moreover, it is very common in women to get blemishes before or at the beginning of their monthly cycle or when they are near their menopause.

Recommended Products for Treating Blemishes

Since we are now very clear on what are blemishes, let’s shift to the best product for treating blemishes. Re’equil Skin Radiance Cream is a dermatologically tested formulation which is specifically formulated for removing old scars and protecting your skin from acne scars, age spots, dark skin, hyperpigmentation etc. It contains anti-pigmentation and anti-ageing properties which help in providing a bright and radiant texture to the skin.