Uneven Skin Tone: Causes and Preventive Measures

Everyone wishes for clear skin with not a single spot in it. But those who have such skin are actually gifted. It is very rare to have healthy, beautiful and clear skin all at the same time unless you have been blessed with great genes. Of course, we can cover up our skin with a pinch of primer and a thin layer of foundation but don’t you think it would be great if you can have an even skin tone naturally. Think how easy life would become if you will be able to save 20 minutes of your daily routine which you spend on makeup and all the efforts you make to learn how to do perfect makeup.

Also known as hyperpigmentation, uneven skin tone is basically the irregular darkening of the skin. In most cases, uneven skin tone is the result of the overproduction of melanin. When the dark patches appear on the skin, you tend to look 12-15 years older to your age. Let us have a look at some of the causes of uneven skin tone.

Causes of Uneven Skin Tone

1.    Pollution

Excessive pollution like gaseous or traffic-related polluted air and other kinds of pollution which your skin fights against in your daily lives are harmful to your skin. These can lead to certain scars or brown spots which can make your skin tone look uneven. 

2.    Sun Exposure

UV rays emitted from the sun cause great damage to the skin. When your body receives excessive rays, your skin starts to produce melanin in huge amounts. When these pigments absorb UV rays in huge amounts, they make certain areas on the skin darker due to which the skin gets an uneven skin tone

3.    Ageing

The primary factor to determine your skin tone is your age. It is, therefore, a very important causes of uneven skin tone. The older you grow, the weaker your skin becomes depending upon the production of melanin in your body. These age-related spots visible on your skin can lead to an uneven skin tone as well.

4.    Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation

Post-inflammatory Hyper Pigmentation is also known as scarring. When any part of your skin has a scar left by some wound, the scar may get darker with time. This darkening can occur in the case of acne or even due to any skin injury.

5.    Hormonal Changes

Mostly occurring during pregnancy, hormonal changes play a very important role in determining our skin tone. An increase in the hormone stimulation is known as melasma. It is a hormone related to stimulation. Generally, hormones face a drastic change when we excessively intake contraceptives in high quantities.

 

Prevent Hyperpigmentation

1.    Exfoliate

Exfoliation is the basic step to remove scarring. Exfoliation will help in removing the dead skin cells thus, giving space to moisturizer and serums to penetrate into the skin and work effectively.

2.    Apply SPF

Applying sunscreen will help you build a protective layer over your skin which will prevent hyperpigmentation as well as prevent new spot formation at the same time. Redness and age spots will also be reduced by applying sunscreen.

3.    Stay Hydrated

Drinking water will help you stay hydrated inside out. It will soothe your skin while removing dryness and even redness. You should even keep your face and hands moisturized.

4.    Eatables to Avoid

There are certain foods which you must avoid in order to protect yourself from uneven skin tone. Foods high in sugar can cause wrinkles and age spots. Alcohol and other such beverages dilate the blood vessels leading to a flushed face. Greasy, processed, and non-organic dairy and spicy foods must also be avoided.