Acne is a chronic skin problem which affects every 4 out of 5 people during the age of 11 to 30 years. It occurs when oil glands and dead skin cells get clogged with the hair follicle in between. However, it is not yet clear about what the actual cause of acne is but is assumed to be the overproduction of sebum, unhealthy diet, puberty etc. It may lead the person to depression, anxiety, low self-esteem and other sorts of inferiority complexion issues.
There are various types of acne and it can be classified majorly into 2 types, namely, non- inflammatory and inflammatory which can further be sub-divided as below:
- Sebaceous Filaments
Let us have a look at them in detail to understand in a better way so that you can act accordingly.
Acne Type I
Non-inflammatory acne generally does not cause redness or swelling. Basic products like face wash and moisturiser containing salicylic acid will be good in this case as all you need to do is exfoliate the dead skin cells which cause whiteheads and blackheads.
This type of acne is mostly seen in the nasal area, blackheads are small blocked follicles in black colour. When the sebum, dead skin cells and bacteria combine together along with oxygen, blackheads are formed. When the top of the pore stays open even though the inner portion is clogged, then the pore becomes black.
Whiteheads are also known as closed comedones. When excessive sebum is produced, the pores get clogged with dead cells and bacteria along with sebum which makes the top of the pore close with white pus while forming a small bump on the skin.
• Sebaceous Filaments
These are generally grey dots on your cheeks, forehead, and upper lips and mostly around the nose. However, they are less visible and have a smooth texture, they must be avoided in their early stages in order to avoid an increase in their number.
Acne Type II
Inflammatory acne is when the pimples are red and swollen. When bacteria gets caught deep inside the skin along with sebum and dead cells, it causes inflammation and infection which leads to painful acne.
Papules are the small red bumps on the skin which are painful and are sensitive to touch. They occur when the inflammation breaks the wall around the pores making the area pink. One must avoid touching them as the inflammation may increase.
They are acne filled with pus and are often red in colour. They tend to occur in the sweating and oily area of your body like face, back, shoulder, etc. However, the irritation tempts you to touch it again and again and break it or burst it but you must avoid doing so as it may form scars permanently.
Nodules are bumps just like pustules and papules but they are larger in size and are harder as well. Just like pustules and papules, they are formed by inflammation in the clogged and swollen pores but they are way too deep to be self-treated. Since they are harder and more painful, it is difficult to touch this type of acne.
Cysts look small and soft on the outside but are penetrated deep inside the skin and are filled with pus on the top. When bacteria, sebum, and dead skin cells come together, pores are clogged and a cyst is formed which is even deeper than the nodules. One must avoid touching this acne as well as it also has a lot of chances to leave permanent scars or dark spots.