Acne is something that most of us come across during our teenage years and it makes us feel embarrassed and frustrated. We are forced to try different ways and methods to get rid of it but still, at last, we end up getting scars for a lifetime. Getting out of the ‘breakout phase’ is not all, you still need to deal with your ‘scar phase’ till the end.
An acne scar refers to the pits or marks which remain on the skin after the acne has gone or the breakouts have stopped. They are visible in the form of red spots, deep pits, or hyperpigmentation. Sometimes, even rough patches are visible.
As you must be knowing already, acne is formed when dead cells are accumulated with sebum and bacteria in the hair follicle and the pore is clogged forming a blackhead or a white head. Along with acne, the inflammation develops due to the presence of the bacteria which leads to the formation of pustules with fluid. These pustules, later on, cause severe damage to the skin in the form of scars.
There are various types of acne scars on face depending upon the type of acne you have had and the various reactions that have taken place in or under the skin. Mainly, there are 5 types of acne scars. Let us have a look at them in detail:
Types of Acne Scars
1. Ice Pick
As the name suggests, an ice pick scar looks like that its holes have been picked by an ice pick or any other pointed object. It is formed when the inflammation reaches the skin surface. When the blemish heals, the follicle is emptied and the acne scars is formed in its place. It is deep enough to start from the surface of the skin and reach deep into the inner layer of the skin.
2. Box Scar
Box scars are formed in the shape of a box and therefore, they give a more pitted appearance as compared to the box scar. They are formed due to tissue loss and therefore, their size depends upon the number of tissues that are lost.
They are also known as rolling hill acne scars as the depressions look like tiny hills on the skin. However, they are shallow but they look deep depressions on the skin when grouped. When the fibrous connection is formed between the upper layer and the deeper layer of the skin, pulling is caused which makes the depressions look like waves.
A hypertrophic scar is caused due to the over-production of collagen. This is the reason it looks like a bump of tissue mass on the skin surface. It is a very rare acne scar.
5. Brown Marks
As the name suggests, they are the brown spots left on the skin after the acne is gone. It is also known as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation or PIH. Some people consider it a normal part of the acne healing but it is actually a scar and can take a long time to disappear if treatment is not taken.
Acne Scars on Face
The fact that not all people who have acne get scars is due to the reason that the tendency to scar depends on our genes or the level of inflammation that our skin suffers from. There can be a possibility that you have multiple types of acne scars on your skin and it is difficult for you to identify their type. The only way out in this case is to use angled lightening.