Which hormones are responsible for acne?
Which hormones are responsible for acne - A forehead full of pimples, deep zits on chin, and pus-filled bumps on both sides of cheeks! If this is your condition then you need to get a hormonal test done, because too high or too little of any of them might be the cause behind your skin health. Usually, hormonal fluctuations are at peak during puberty, pregnancy, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), fertility, menstruation, and stress. Acne that occurs due to fluctuations in the levels of your hormones, particularly a rise in androgens or male hormones such as testosterone is called “hormonal acne”.
What is the connection between testosterone and hormonal acne?
Know about What is the connection between testosterone and hormonal acne? - Primarily, androgen hormone named testosterone is responsible for causing hormonal acne. Although testosterone is a male hormone, but female ovaries also produce significant amounts of this hormone. With the elevated levels of testosterone, our body starts producing sebum more than normal. Sebum is an oily or waxy like substance, produced by sebaceous glands that keep our skin and hair moisturized. However, when testosterone levels rise, sebum production at the base of hair also increases. This sebum further clogs hair follicles that cause whiteheads, blackheads, pimples, cysts, or acne.
Which hormone is responsible for causing acne during periods?
Acne before periods is something that most women experience. The reason behind this is imbalanced levels of progesterone hormone during the monthly menstruation cycle. In the middle of the cycle, levels of progesterone hormones get raised which further stimulates sebum secretion from sebaceous glands in the skin. This excess sebum attracts dirt and impurities, thereby, providing a perfect environment for bacterial growth and resulting in acne flare-up before and during periods.
Can hormones during menopause cause acne breakouts?
Estrogen is considered responsible for causing acne during menopause. It is an important hormone for females and one of its significant functions is to suppress oil production in our skin. Research studies have concluded that women who experience acne during menopause have normal levels of androgens and decreasing levels of estrogens. These decreased levels of estrogen hormone lead to acne breakouts in women around menopause.
Does stress hormone cause skin problems?
The wellness of mind and skin are interrelated since many of our nerve endings are connected to the skin. Hence, all the good and bad emotions we feel have an impact on our skin as well. Several studies have found that just like stomach health, stress and anxiety are equally responsible for causing skin problems. During stressful conditions, our brain releases cortisol that causes skin to becomes dry and inflamed, which further leads to acne, psoriasis, and pimples.
How insulin resistance is related to skin acne?
Insulin resistance not only increases the risk of prediabetes, heart attacks, and cancer but can also affect our skin to a greater extent. When insulin resistance develops, our body pushes pancreas into overdrive to produce more insulin and other hormones similar to insulin called insulin-like growth factor (IGF). As per several studies, high levels of IGF have been claimed to activate the androgens (sex hormones), which subsequently trigger sebaceous glands to produce more oil, thereby inducing androgen-based acne.
How to get rid of hormonal acne?
If you are dealing with hormonal acne, the first step is to track monthly hormonal fluctuations. Start identifying when you normally experience acne flare up and which part does it usually occur. Below, are listed certain ways that would definitely help you tackle mild to moderate acne problems.
Use the right skin care products
It becomes pertinent to pay special attention to your skin care products if you are dealing with acne. While creating skin care regimen for acne, you need to follow this regime-
- Avoid using chemical-laden face wash because they can worsen up the acne conditions. Use a mild and gentle cleanser, which is free of silicone, sulphate, and sulphur.
- It is important to maintain skin hygiene. However, during an acne outbreak, one should not wash face multiple times in a day. Excess washing can cause skin irritations that ultimately end up with more severe outbreaks. The ideal option is to cleanse your face twice a day only.
- During acne, do not slather too much makeup on your face. Another option is to use non-comedogenic skin care products that don’t clog your pores.
- Avoid touching, scraping or picking pimples, since it may worsen the inflammation along with infection.
Follow an appropriate diet and lifestyle
- Stress management
Acne due to stress has become a problem for many people these days. Stress or anxiety triggers stress hormone (cortisol) in the body, which leads to skin problems such as hives or pimples. Hence, it becomes important to address stress issues, after identifying it as a major cause that leads to flare-up.
- Avoid sugar intake
Sugar is among the major culprits that cause acne for most people. Even dermatologist and skin care experts acknowledge the role of sugar and high glycemic index food in raising insulin levels in the body, which further worsens up inflammation. Hence, try to avoid refined grains, sugars, and processed foods.
The treatment of acne totally depends upon the severity of outbreaks, which varies from person to person. If despite making modifications in your skin care regimen and daily lifestyle, you are still experiencing acne, it is advisable to take reliable medical treatment.