Everything you need to know about skin pigmentation
Blemishes and pigmentation free skin is not a far-fetched dream. However, to make it come true, you need to understand skin pigmentation in detail. Skin pigmentation occurs when there is an overproduction of skin pigment melanin in the body. It not only leads to skin discoloration, but also causes acne scars, age spots, and dark patches. This skin condition is also referred as hyperpigmentation that makes certain areas of the skin to appear darker in comparison to the rest.
To know about all the available treatment for pigmentation, let us first understand the root cause of this problem.
What are the common causes of skin pigmentation?
- Skin inflammation
Skin injuries or inflammation that arises due to cuts, burns, or acne breakout give rise to Post-Inflammatory Pigmentation (PIH). When this kind of skin injury heals, it leaves behind discolored and darkened skin.
- Sun Exposure
Continuous outings in the scorching heat and repetitive exposure of the skin to the harmful UV rays of the sun can cause pigmentation. While spending time in the sun is necessary to absorb natural Vitamin D, but direct sunlight without the SPF50 sunscreen or covered clothing can cause dark patches on your skin.
- Hormonal inconsistencies
A rise in the hormones can lead to pigmentation of the skin, since it surges the production in melanin synthesis. In few cases, pregnancy can also cause unwanted fluctuations in your hormone levels. These fluctuations can affect the process of melanin production, and eventually lead to skin pigmentation in women.
- Drug-induced pigmentation
Drug-induced skin pigmentation accounts for 10-20% of the cases for acquired hyperpigmentation. Certain medications can have adverse effects on your skin, which can lead to abnormal skin pigmentation.
- Addison’s disease
Addison’s disease is a rare endocrine condition that can give rise to skin pigmentation. It is quite visible in appearance, since it occurs on the neck, face, elbows, knees, and hands—where the sunlight comes directly in contact with your skin.
What are the types of pigmentation that one can get?
A research study states that over 80% of women suffer from skin pigmentation in their lifetime. Since this number is not going down anytime soon, it’s essential to discover all the spheres pertaining to pigmentation.
Considered to be one of the most common types of pigmentation, melasma is the appearance of grey or brown blotches that are visible on the chin, forehead, cheeks, upper lip, or nose.
Although melasma is usually triggered due to pregnancy, it is not limited to that. Melasma can occur at any stage of your life, even when you’re in your teens. If you develop melasma during your 20s or 30s, it may continue to stay that for a long time, even decades. Hence, for the right treatment of melasma, it is important to have all the information about this condition.
There is a famous saying that turns your face to the sun and shadow fall behind you. However, too much exposure to the sun can cause freckles, which is one of the most common kinds of pigmentation, Apart from this, freckles can also occur on your face due to hereditary.
- Post-inflammatory pigmentation
Post-inflammatory pigmentation can occur due to burns, acne, treatments like chemical peels, laser, etc., or friction. However, PIH can be resolved by using topical products.
What are the best home remedies for skin pigmentation?
1. Can green tea effectively work on hyperpigmentation?
“Green tea is good for health”. Most of us hear this common piece of advice a lot of times. This actually stands true, since green tea only promotes good health, but also for glowing skin and shiny hair.
It comprises of antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties that works wonder on hyperpigmentation. There are also researches that validate the potential of green tea in decreasing sunburns and improving melasma.
2. How can aloe vera help in lightening skin pigmentation?
Aloe vera has been your skin BFF for ages now. Natural depigmenting properties of aloe vera make it an effective home remedy for fading dark spots from your face. It contains a compound called Aloesin, which lightens skin pigmentation by preventing melanin production in the skin.
3. Does licorice contain antioxidants and can reduce hyperpigmentation?
Many of you must be surprised to know about licorice, which is considered a natural skin-whitening agent. It has been found that licorice extract possess natural antioxidants, anti-inflammatory, and skin whitening properties that helps lighten darker skin tone. In addition, it also aids in skin regeneration and rejuvenation.
4. What can red onions do when it comes to working on your scars?
Certain skin lightening creams or scar-reducing creams contain red onion extracts. Studies indicate that the dried skin of red onions can reduce skin pigmentation and lighten your dark spots effectively. So the next time you purchase a skin lightening cream, don’t forget to look for ‘Allium cepa’ .
5. How does masoor dal work as a popular hyperpigmentation treatment?
Masoor dal, also known as red lentils, comprises of antioxidants that can help clear your hyperpigmentation woes. The gentle skin exfoliation properties of masoor dal not only provide smoothness, but also natural radiance to your skin.
What are the best tips for skin pigmentation?
Here are some of the most tried and trusted tips to reduce skin pigmentation quickly.
- Avoid picking blackheads and pimples
When our mothers asked us not to scratch a blackhead or pimple, they were right all the while. Research states that continuous picking or scratching can increase the inflammation all the more. Once the inflammation increases, it can go deeper into your skin over the time and lead to skin discoloration. To remove pigmentation use a cream that includes the right depigmenting agent for your skin.
- Sunblock for further skin exposure
One of the most effective ways to prevent skin discoloration is to protect your skin with a broad-spectrum sunscreen. The reason behind this is that unprotected exposure to UV rays triggers melanin production, which ultimately leads to dark or pigmented skin. As per skin care experts, preferably use a broad-spectrum sunscreen that can protect your skin from both UVA and UVB rays.
- Enhance your skin’s moisture
Although you are looking to lighten your dark spots when you have hyperpigmentation, it is also essential to keep your skin moisturized. When you look for a moisturizer, ensure that your moisturizing cream has wonder ingredients like hyaluronic acid or glycerin, or even retinol, to increase cell turnover.
Skin care is a great responsibility, especially when are facing pigmentation on your skin. What’s important is to remember that healthy, beautiful skin isn’t a miracle and cannot happen overnight. Taking care of your skin is more important than covering it up with makeup or artificial creams. Your skin is going to be with you always, hence invest in it wisely.