Blotchy Skin: Know Its Causes And Effective Solutions
Flawless skin and glowing skin like never before is a common secret wish for many of us. On the other hand, possessing an uneven and dark patchy face is surely not a pleasant feeling. The menace of unhealthy skin not only makes you look less attractive but also implicit feelings of inferiority. Each day looking into the mirror and facing the same discolored patches is enough to experience self-pity. We can understand how difficult it becomes at times to express how you feel inside.
Cheer up! Blotchy skin isn’t always impossible to manage. Leading dermatologists reveal that addressing the underlying cause of the problem can give you respite from skin discolorations. A study published in the British Journal of Dermatology has also explained how the various factors affect the color of skin.
What are the main causes?
- Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH)
- Excessive sun exposure
- Over exfoliation
1. Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH)
Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation is characterized by the darkening of the skin due to certain skin conditions such as skin infections, pimples, or any other skin injuries. To repair the damaged skin, your body stimulates the overproduction of melanin, which leads to discolored skin in the affected areas.
Melasma is also called 'chloasma' and 'pregnancy mask’, which mostly affects women. May J. Chow, MD, a dermatologist based in the USA explains that hormonal upsurge during pregnancy is the major cause of melasma. In the 2nd and 3rd trimester of pregnancy, melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH) increases the synthesis of melanin pigment, which makes your skin appear blotchy.
3. Excessive sun exposure
A study published in the International Journal of Molecular Sciences has claimed that too much sun exposure leads to pigmentary disorders and photoaging. In the presence of ultraviolet radiations, your body activates melanin production as a defensive mechanism, which leads to tanned or pigmented skin.
4. Over exfoliation
Impurities from polluted and chemical-laden environment get deposited on your skin each day. To get rid of all grime and dirt you feel the need of exfoliating your skin too often. However, over-exfoliation can sabotage your skin’s lipid barrier, which makes it dry and rough. Rubbing skin in an inappropriate manner leads to irritation, inflammation, and redness, which finally results in discolored and blotchy skin.
Rosacea is an anti-inflammatory condition, which mainly affects your face. It develops red and pus-filled bumps on cheeks, which manifest into brown discolored skin over time. The exact cause of this problem is not known and it is advised to visit a dermatologist because without treatment rosacea can worsen.
- Invest in AHA based facial cleanser
- Moisturize and nourish your skin hyaluronic acid
- Reap the benefits of Vitamin C
- Never underrate the importance of broad-spectrum sunscreen
- Stop binging on junk food
1. Invest in AHA based facial cleanser
Many research studies have claimed the benefits of the external application of alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA) in hyperpigmentations. AHAs are plant-derived fruit acids, which have been used in skin care formulations to fade the dark spots, melasma, and discolored skin. Its mild exfoliating action helps to shed off dead layers of cells present, meanwhile revealing the glowing and healthy skin. In additions, its remarkable cell regeneration properties help to minimize the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles
2. Moisturize and nourish your skin hyaluronic acid
Dry skin has been recognized as one of the biggest culprits for blotchy skin. Hence, it is important to keep your skin hydrated and nourished with an ideal moisturizer packed with hyaluronic acid, vitamins (A & C), and ceramides. Several research studies elaborate the benefits of hyaluronic acid for preventing skin aging due to its long-lasting hydration action. In other words, a good moisturizer is a necessity to attain flawless and healthy complexion,
3. Reap the benefits of Vitamin C
External application of vitamin C has shown to curb the excessive melanin production in your skin. It inhibits the synthesis of an enzyme called tyrosinase that produces melanin pigment responsible for the darker color of skin. This potent antioxidant accelerates skin healing along with boosting collagen levels. To obtain the maximum benefits, it is good to inculcate a vitamin C toner for pigmentation and dark spots removal in your daily skin care regimen.
4. Never underrate the importance of broad-spectrum sunscreen
Many research studies have claimed that wearing a broad-spectrum sunscreen can save you from the onset of hyperpigmentation. Sunscreen containing physical sunscreen filters (Zinc and Titanium oxide) with SPF 50 is considered quite effective to hinder the overproduction of melanin. An additional benefit of applying broad-spectrum sunscreen is that it helps to protect your skin from premature aging as well.
5. Stop binging on junk food
Apart from satiating your taste buds, junk food delivers no benefits to your body and skin. The presence of bad carbs in your processed food stimulates the oil production in the skin, which leads to acne breakouts and other potential damage to the skin. On the contrary, consuming antioxidants enriched diet is a great matter of deal for dewy, healthy, and spot-free skin.
Educating yourself on skin health is a super-secret to embrace healthy and youthful skin throughout your lifetime. Being diligent in your skincare even becomes more important if you are dealing with any sort of dark or brown patches. Hyperpigmentation is less likely to fade away on its own because there are a whole of factors that trigger such conditions eventually. Without further delay, you should consider rectifying your daily skin mistakes and gearing up for the right solutions. Above all, spotless skin does not happen in one night, it requires your patience and diligence.
Harsh ingredients have always been considered the worst enemy for your skin. Several research studies have acknowledged the benefits of non-comedogenic products for the skin. Such products contain the ingredients, which won't clog the pores and allow your skin to breathe. On the contrary, comedogenic ingredients block the pores and lead to sudden acne breakouts that ultimately turn into blemishes and uneven skin tone.