How to Balance Skin pH Levels
Haven’t you often heard or read that a so and so product manages the skin pH balance? pH which stands for Potential Hydrogen is a way to determine the alkaline-acid ratio which ranges from 0 to 14. People often say that so and so product makes my skin healthy, beautiful, and glowing. Of course, you want your skin to look the best as it plays a very important role in your personality.
pH and your skin
Our skin is protected by a thin and slight acidic layer called acid mantle. It is formed of fatty acids oils, lactic acid, and amino acids, which form a shield from impurities, toxins, and any microbes from getting entered into the skin. Science has concluded that acid mantle should be slightly acidic, i.e. 5.5. The reason is too alkaline pH can lead to dry and sensitive skin. Another adverse effect of alkaline pH is that it loses the ability to fight off matrix metalloproteinases (MMP’s) (enzymes destroy collagen and result in wrinkles).
What is the ideal pH?
The perfect skin pH balance is 5.5 which is slightly acidic in nature. It is fine even if it varies between 4.8 to 6. When the skin has 5.5 pH balance, which is the ideal skin pH, it is able to maintain a strong barrier which protects the skin against bacteria and does not let the natural oils wash away. If you use products which are highly alkaline in nature, your skin becomes sensitive to microorganisms and irritants. Any imbalance in the pH balance causes disruption in the ecosystem of the skin leading to irritation and inflammation. If the pH level of the skin increases, it can cause:
- Ichthyosis Vulgaris
- Athlete’s foot
- Candidal intertrigo
If you notice redness, dry patches, excessive oiliness, acne, eczema or even any signs of ageing, you must be alert at once and take some action to make your pH levels balanced again.
How to find out right ph levels for your skin?
- If one has alkaline pH then the skin looks dry or fragile. This type of pH may be the reason for itchiness and inflammation.
- If one has highly acidic pH then skin appears red and oily. High acidic pH is directly linked to acne-prone skin.
- If one has normal acidic and alkaline pH levels then the skin looks healthy. The pH-balanced skin does not experience any kind of flakes, and irritation or itchiness.
Factors responsible for balancing ph levels
The skin pH balance can be affected by anything like:
- The Food You Eat
Your diet plays a very important role in balancing your skin pH levels. Excess of caffeine, acids, alcohol, yeast, sugar and even acidic food will affect your skin. Therefore, you must eat everything in control.
- The Skin Care Products You Use
Every product contains a different set of ingredients which affects the skin in a different manner. It is, therefore, very necessary to know the products that you are choosing in order to maintain the ideal skin pH.
- Repetitive Face Wash
The more you wash your face, the drier it becomes. Washing face twice a day is enough. If your face becomes excessively oily or excessively dry, then it means that your pH balance is not accurate.
- Excessive sun exposure
The acid mantle of your skin is damaged when the unprotected skin is overexposed under the harmful UV rays of the Sun. When your skin becomes more alkaline, it becomes prone to pigmentation, acne, dullness, and other such problems.
As you grow old, wrinkles and fine lines start appearing on your skin due to the excess alkaline nature of your skin.
How to balance pH levels
To know how to balance pH level, follow the following steps:
Experts say that there is a strong connection between diet and skin's pH levels. To maintain the balanced skin pH levels, it is advised to include a diet that is rich in antioxidants.For that one can consume leafy vegetables (kale, cabbage, and broccoli) and fruits (banana, berries, and watermelon).In addition, spirulina is another superfood that works effectively to boost skin pH levels. Along with taking healthy foods, it is equally important to cut down consumption of acid-forming foods such as processed food, junk food, and anything else which is highly acidic in nature. To know more read here
With the progression of age, skin loses the ability for producing natural oils which affect the pH levels of the skin and subsequently damages acid mantle. Therefore, it is advised to opt for the gentle moisturizer that keeps the skin hydrated and rebuild important skin barriers.
3. Apply sunscreen
Applying sunscreen on a regular basis not only helps to maintain the pH level of the skin but also protects it from potential damage that may occur due to sun rays. Therefore, always apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen (protect the skin from both UVA and UVB rays) before going into sunlight.
4. Go for antioxidant-rich skincare products
Check the antioxidants such as Vitamins A, C, E, and polyphenols (e.g. green tea) on skincare labels. These ingredients balance the pH levels and also offer benefits to our skin. For instance, the use of vitamin C is known to be quite effective to balance the pH levels of your skin. Try this product https://www.reequil.com/vitamin-c-face-toner-for-pigmentation-and-dark-spots-removal-100ml.html
5. Avoid soaps
It is important to use a gentle cleanser for youthful and healthy skin. Use of harsh chemicals can cause long term damage to our skin. Avoid the use of soaps because they are packed with strong chemicals they strip the skin moisture and are also liable for disturbing the pH levels of the skin.
6. Use acids with caution
Use of skin care products which are highly acidic should be avoided. Some ingredients such as alpha hydroxy acids, retinoic acid, beta hydroxy acids, and amino fruit acids are very beneficial for the skin. But at the same time, if any of these ingredients are not used properly, it can induce damage to our skin. If you experience that skin is becoming dry, sensitive or red, stop using immediately such skin care products.
Above all, the beauty of the skin is entirely dependent on how we are nurturing it internally and externally. Maintaining healthy skin pH levels is pretty manageable at home. All we need to choose a healthy diet and skin care products that work in harmony with our skin. Always opt for pH-balanced products and follow the right diet that fosters healthy pH levels in the body.